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Adhemarius eurysthenes (Felder, 1874) (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae) in the Atlantic Rain Forest: A phylogeographic perspective

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Autor(es):
Cardoso, Lucas W. [1, 2] ; Silva-Brandao, Karina L. [3, 4] ; Duarte, Marcelo [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, Ave Nazare 481, BR-04263000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Zool, Programa Posgrad Ciencias Biol Zool, Rua Mateto, Travessa 14, 321, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed ABC, CCNH, Ave Estados 5001, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Ctr Biol Mol & Engn Genet, Ave Candido Rondon, CP 6010, BR-13083875 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ZOOLOGISCHER ANZEIGER; v. 277, p. 231-241, NOV 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest biome has been strongly impacted by human action and by various factors related to economic development. The hawkmoth Adhemarius eurysthenes (Sphingidae, Smerinthinae, Ambulycini) is endemic to the southern portion of this biome, with most of its existing populations within Brazil. Using CAD, wingless, and the barcode region of the mitochondrial COI gene, populations of A. eurysthenes were analyzed phylogeographically to obtain information on their genetic structure and variability, and to explain their spatial distribution. We obtained 14 COI haplotypes of 109 individuals from 10 localities. The population in the state of Espirito Santo, southeastern Brazil, showed the highest average genetic distance in relation to other populations. A test of molecular variance using the spatial component (SAMOVA) separated the samples into two groups; again, Espirito Santo was the divergent site. We found no significant correlation between genetic and geographic distances, but did find a tendency toward genetic isolation near the northern limit of the range of A. eurysthenes. We discuss the implementation of the observed patterns for other taxa, in an attempt to support studies on the conservation of Ambulycini in the Atlantic Rain Forest. Espirito Santo proved to be a locality of particular importance for conservation of the endemic Ambulycini in this biome. (C) 2018 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/13898-0 - Sistemática, bionomia e evolução dos Lepidoptera neotropicais
Beneficiário:Marcelo Duarte da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 16/50384-8 - Taxonomia, diversidade e distribuição de Lepidoptera (Insecta), com ênfase na fauna brasileira
Beneficiário:Marcelo Duarte da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/50225-3 - História natural, filogenia e conservação de lepidópteros neotropicais
Beneficiário:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular