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Structural characterization of a pathogenicity-related superoxide dismutase codified by a probably essential gene in Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri

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Leonardo Cabrejos, Diego Antonio [1] ; Alexandrino, Andre Vessoni [2] ; Pereira, Camila Malvessi [2] ; Mendonca, Deborah Cezar [1] ; Pereira, Humberto D'Muniz [1] ; Marques Novo-Mansur, Maria Teresa [2] ; Garratt, Richard Charles [1] ; Goto, Leandro Seiji [2]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Fis Sao Carlos, Grp Cristalog, Lab Biol Estrut, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, LBBMA, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 14, n. 1 JAN 7 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Citrus canker is a plant disease caused by the bacteria Xanthomonas citrisubsp. citri that affects all domestic varieties of citrus. Some annotated genes from the X citri subsp. citri genome are assigned to an interesting class named ``pathogenicity, virulence and adaptation{''}. Amongst these is sodM, which encodes for the gene product XcSOD, one of four superoxide dismutase homologs predicted from the genome. SODs are widespread enzymes that play roles in the oxidative stress response, catalyzing the degradation of the deleterious superoxide radical. In Xanthomonas, SOD has been associated with pathogenesis as a counter measure against the plant defense response. In this work we initially present the 1.8 angstrom crystal structure of XcSOD, a manganese containing superoxide dismutase from Xanthomonas citrisubsp. citri. The structure bears all the hallmarks of a dimeric member of the MnSOD family, including the conserved hydrogen-bonding network residues. Despite the apparent gene redundancy, several attempts to obtain a sodM deletion mutant were unsuccessful, suggesting the encoded protein to be essential for bacterial survival. This intriguing observation led us to extend our structural studies to the remaining three SOD homologs, for which comparative models were built. The models imply that X citri subsp. citri produces an iron-containing SOD which is unlikely to be catalytically active along with two conventional Cu,ZnSODs. Although the latter are expected to possess catalytic activity, we propose they may not be able to replace XcSOD for reasons such as distinct subcellular compartmentalization or differential gene expression in pathogenicity-inducing conditions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/15546-1 - Septinas: estudos comparativos visando correlacionar estrutura e função
Beneficiário:Richard Charles Garratt
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 07/50910-2 - Análise proteômica diferencial em Xanthomonas axonopodis: proteínas e genes de interesse biotecnológico
Beneficiário:Maria Teresa Marques Novo Mansur
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores