Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Organosulfates in aerosols downwind of an urban region in central Amazon

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mostrar menos -
Glasius, Marianne [1] ; Bering, Mads S. [1] ; Yee, Lindsay D. [2] ; de Sa, Suzane S. [3] ; Isaacman-VanWertz, Gabriel [2, 4] ; Wernis, Rebecca A. [5] ; Barbosa, Henrique M. J. [6] ; Alexander, M. Lizabeth [7] ; Palm, Brett B. [8, 9, 10] ; Hu, Weiwei [8, 9] ; Campuzano-Jost, Pedro [8, 9] ; Day, Douglas A. [8, 9] ; Jimenez, Jose L. [8, 9] ; Shrivastava, Manish [7] ; Martin, Scot T. [3] ; Goldstein, Allen H. [2]
Número total de Autores: 16
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Aarhus Univ, Dept Chem, DK-8000 Aarhus C - Denmark
[2] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
[3] Harvard Univ, Sch Engn & Appl Sci, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[4] Virginia Tech, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Blacksburg, VA 24061 - USA
[5] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Berkeley, CA 94720 - USA
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Phys, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Pacific Northwest Natl Lab, Environm Mol Sci Lab, Richland, WA 99352 - USA
[8] Univ Colorado, Dept Chem, Boulder, CO 80309 - USA
[9] CIRES, Boulder, CO 80309 - USA
[10] Univ Washington, Dept Atmospher Sci, Seattle, WA 98155 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 10
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-PROCESSES & IMPACTS; v. 20, n. 11, p. 1546-1558, NOV 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Organosulfates are formed in the atmosphere from reactions between reactive organic compounds (such as oxidation products of isoprene) and acidic sulfate aerosol. Here we investigated speciated organosulfates in an area typically downwind of the city of Manaus situated in the Amazon forest in Brazil during ``GoAmazon2014/5{''} in both the wet season (February-March) and dry season (August-October). We observe products consistent with the reaction of isoprene photooxidation products and sulfate aerosols, leading to formation of several types of isoprene-derived organosulfates, which contribute 3% up to 42% of total sulfate aerosol measured by aerosol mass spectrometry. During the wet season the average contribution of summed organic sulfate concentrations to total sulfate was 19 +/- 10% and similarly during the dry season the contribution was 19 +/- 8%. This is the highest fraction of speciated organic sulfate to total sulfate observed at any reported site. Organosulfates appeared to be dominantly formed from isoprene epoxydiols (IEPOX), averaging 104 +/- 73 ng m(-3) (range 15-328 ng m(-3)) during the wet season, with much higher abundance 610 +/- 400 ng m(-3) (range 86-1962 ng m(-3)) during the dry season. The concentration of isoprene-derived organic sulfate correlated with total inorganic sulfate (R-2 = 0.35 and 0.51 during the wet and dry seasons, respectively), implying the significant influence of inorganic sulfate aerosol for the heterogeneous reactive uptake of IEPOX. Organosulfates also contributed to organic matter in aerosols (3.5 +/- 1.9% during the wet season and 5.1 +/- 2.5% during the dry season). The present study shows that an important fraction of sulfate in aerosols in the Amazon downwind of Manaus consists of multifunctional organic chemicals formed in the atmosphere, and that increased SO2 emissions would substantially increase SOA formation from isoprene. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50510-5 - Pesquisa colaborativa Brasil-EUA: modificações causadas pela poluição antrópica na química da atmosfera e na microfísica de partículas da floresta tropical durante as campanhas intensivas do GoAmazon
Beneficiário:Henrique de Melo Jorge Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Regular