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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Animal thermal comfort indexes in silvopastoral systems with different tree arrangements

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Macedo Pezzopane, Jose Ricardo [1] ; Franceschi Nicodemo, Maria Luiza [1] ; Bosi, Cristiam [2] ; Garcia, Alexandre Rossetto [1] ; Lulu, Jorge [3]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, Empresa Brasileira Pesquisa Agr, POB 339, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Av Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Agrossilvipastoril, Empresa Brasileira Pesquisa Agr, Rod Pioneiros MT 222, Km 2, 5, POB 343, BR-78550970 Sinop, MT - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Thermal Biology; v. 79, p. 103-111, JAN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

This study aimed to assess solar radiation transmission and animal thermal comfort indexes in two silvopastoral systems established with different tree arrangements in a tropical region. This study was conducted between 2014 and 2017 in two silvopastoral systems, one composed by an established Urochloa (syn. Brachiaria) decumbens pasture with Brazilian native trees planted in triple rows spaced 17 m apart, and another by an established Urochloa (syn. Brachiaria) brizantha (Hochst ex A. Rich.) Stapf %RS Plata' pasture with Eucalyptus urograndis (clone GG100) trees arranged in single rows spaced 15 m apart. In these systems and in a full-sun pasture, photosynthetically active radiation transmission, air temperature, relative humidity, black globe temperature, and wind speed were measured. These variables were used to calculate black globe temperature and humidity index (BGHI) and radiant thermal load (RU). Higher animal thermal comfort was observed in the silvopastoral systems due to changes in the microclimate induced by the trees; notably, a decrease in solar radiation transmission. Fewer hours of potential animal thermal stress (BGHI > 79) were observed in the silvopastoral systems than under the full-sun conditions, with differences up to 3 h per day. The silvopastoral systems presented lower radiant thermal load than the full-sun pasture with differences up to 22% achieved. The assessed silvopastoral systems may help livestock adapt to climate change, since they achieved the limit of BGHI considered to cause stress to animals following an increase of 2.2 degrees C in air temperature, compared with full-sun pastures. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/26627-5 - Desempenho reprodutivo de fêmeas bovinas de corte (Bos Taurus x Bos indicus) em áreas de pastejo intensivo com ou sem a presença de arborização
Beneficiário:Alexandre Rossetto Garcia
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 16/02959-1 - Desbaste de eucalipto em sistemas de ILPF: efeito no microclima e produtividade
Beneficiário:José Ricardo Macedo Pezzopane
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/11931-8 - Parametrização e avaliação de modelos mecanísticos para estimativa da produtividade de Urochloa brizantha cv. Piatã em sistema silvipastoril
Beneficiário:Cristiam Bosi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado