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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nutritional status and root morphology of tomato under Cd-induced stress: Comparing contrasting genotypes for metal-tolerance

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Reis Borges, Karina Lima [1, 2] ; Rieger Hippler, Franz Walter [1, 3] ; Amaral Carvalho, Marcia Eugenia [1] ; Nalin, Rafael Storto [4] ; Matias, Filipe Inacio [2] ; Azevedo, Ricardo Antunes [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Escola Super Agr Luis Dequeiroz, Dept Genet, Lab Genet Bioquim Plantas, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Escola Super Agr Luis Dequeiroz, Dept Genet, Lab Melhoramento Plantas Alogamas, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Yara Int, Ave Sao Judas Tadeu 880, BR-13180570 Sumare, SP - Brazil
[4] Escola Super Agr Luis Dequeiroz, Dept Genet, Lab Genet Estat, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Scientia Horticulturae; v. 246, p. 518-527, FEB 27 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant that limits crop production. Among the deleterious effects by metal induced stress on plant development, cell leakage and nutrient losses have been observed, whereas root morphology is severely affected. However, the mechanisms by which genotypes contrasting in tolerance level to heavy metal excess maintain root cells integrity and nutrient absorption are still unclear. In this work, tomato (Salaam lycopersicum) genotypes with contrasting tolerance to Cd toxicity, Calabash Rouge (sensitive) and Pusa Ruby (tolerant), were used to shed some light on possible tolerance mechanisms against Cd toxicity. For this purpose, plants were grown in hydroponics containing 0 or 35 mu M CdCl2 for 7 days. Temporal variations (on the 1st, 4th and 7th days of Cd exposure) in nutrient management (absorption and use efficiency), relative plant growth, biomass partitioning, root morphology and Cd accumulation were evaluated in control and Cd-treated plants. Furthermore, multivariate analyses, in which information about the antioxidant machinery was also included, were performed in order to identify the set of parameters related to plant tolerance. The results showed that Pusa Ruby was able to improve biomass allocation to roots, further increasing their capacity to accumulate this metal. The tolerant genotype was also more capable to modulate nutrient uptake by roots under Cd excess. In conclusion, the current study revealed that Pusa Ruby is more tolerant to Cd exposure than Calabash Rouge due to its ability in reducing Cd-induced damages on root morphology and on nutrient absorption and use efficiency. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/15217-5 - Abordagem integrada de parâmetros anatômicos, fisiológicos, bioquímicos e moleculares para o estudo de mecanismos de tolerância ao cádmio em acessos de tomateiro
Beneficiário:Marcia Eugenia Amaral de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/54676-0 - Estresse oxidativo induzido por metais: novas abordagens
Beneficiário:Ricardo Antunes de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/14349-3 - Transporte e acúmulo de cádmio em diferentes genótipos de tomateiro: abordagens fisiológicas, proteômicas e moleculares
Beneficiário:Ricardo Antunes de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/26640-1 - Estudo dos mecanismos de tolerância ao cádmio em acessos de tomateiros: abordagens moleculares
Beneficiário:Marcia Eugenia Amaral de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado