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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Interaction between lakes' surface water and groundwater in the Pantanal wetland, Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Freitas, J. G. [1] ; Furquim, S. A. C. [1] ; Aravena, R. [2] ; Cardoso, E. L. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Environm Sci, Rua Sao Nicolau 210, BR-09913030 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Waterloo, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, 200 Univ Ave W, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1 - Canada
[3] EMBRAPA, Empresa Brasileira Pesquisas Agr, Rua 21 Setembro 1880, BR-79320900 Corumba, MS - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL EARTH SCIENCES; v. 78, n. 5 MAR 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

The Nhecolandia subregion (area similar to 26,921km(2)), in central-southern Pantanal, is marked by the presence of hundreds of alkaline-saline lakes, located on the top of sand hills, and thousands of non-alkaline lakes adjacent to the sand hills. This study aimed to provide a better understanding of the hydrological dynamics in the Nhecolandia, which is scarce and controversial, based on piezometric monitoring, isotopic data and chemical analyses of the surface water and groundwater of an alkaline-saline lake, a non-alkaline lake and the sand hill between them. The potentiometric data indicated that both alkaline-saline and non-alkaline lakes act as recharge zones, the former in all seasons and the later only in the wet season. These results are corroborated by downward flow near the zones of recharge, indicated by hydraulic head measurements in multilevel wells around the non-alkaline lake and in mini-piezometers installed in the studied alkaline-saline lake and two more lakes in the region. Also, O-18 and H-2 values of the alkaline-saline lake surface water became more depleted than the surrounding groundwater in the wet season, confirming that the inflow to the alkaline-saline lake in this season was by the more depleted rainwater and not by the isotopically enriched groundwater. The water chemistry data is also in agreement with recharge from the alkaline-saline lake, even though this recharge is limited by a low-K layer. Because of this layer, the non-alkaline lake does not dry off during the dry season. This set of evidence demonstrated that the groundwater recharge in the study area occurs in the topographical lows, through a process known as depression-focused recharge, which disagrees with previous studies of the area. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57708-7 - CEPEMA-USP
Beneficiário:Claudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/22491-0 - Solos do Pantanal da Nhecolândia: caracterização, gênese e mineralogia
Beneficiário:Sheila Aparecida Correia Furquim
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 13/50218-2 - CEPEMA - Centro Cooperativo em Engenharia Ambiental
Beneficiário:Claudio Augusto Oller do Nascimento
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático