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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

On the link between soil hydromorphy and geomorphological development in the Cerrado (Brazil) wetlands

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Autor(es):
Rosolen, Vania [1] ; Bueno, Guilherme Taitson [2] ; Mutema, Macdex [3] ; Moreira, Cesar Augusto [4] ; Faria Junior, Ilio Rodarte [2] ; Nogueira, Graziele [5] ; Chaplot, Vincent [6]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, DPM, Av 24A, 1515 Bela Vista, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Goias, IESA, BR-74001970 Goiania, Go - Brazil
[3] Agr Res Council Agr Engn, PB X519, ZA-0127 Pretoria - South Africa
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, DGA, Av 24A, 1515 Bela Vista, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[5] Pontificia Univ Catolica MG, Av Itau 505, BR-30535012 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[6] IRD CNRS UPMC MNHN, LOCEAN, UMR 7159, Paris - France
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CATENA; v. 176, p. 197-208, MAY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Mound fields (MF), which consist of numerous isolated mounds, are characteristic of the Cerrado wetlands of Brazil. While there are numerous studies on soil redistribution by termites and by differential particulate erosion, a new hypothesis, supported by metal accumulation in these areas, needs to be tested. This study aimed to investigate the extent to which soil saturation by water, and the associated chemical erosion, might be a key driver of the geomorphological development of the Cerrado wetlands. The study was performed in a typical wetland of Minas Gerais that shows a typical succession from well drained Ferralsols on the plateau to Gleysols on the lowland and the presence of MF at the transition. Soil morphological description was used together with optical microscopy, X-ray fluorescence and physical analyses (grain size and bulk density) to discriminate between the biological (bioturbation) and geochemical origins. Additionally, geochemical mass balance was calculated to estimate the total amount of chemical erosion that had occurred in the area. The morphological observations and the results on soil texture did not point to material redistribution in the MF. In contrast, the results showed that iron-depleted aggregates in depressed zones were sensitive to collapse. Soil saturation by water as the main cause of geochemical erosion and geomorphologic development was confirmed by mass balance calculation. The results fill an important information gap on the formation and evolution of cerrado soil landscapes, which have important consequences for biodiversity and water conservation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/01131-4 - Evolução do sistema latossolo-gleissolo e sua relação com os depósitos de argilas aluminosas refratárias no oeste de Minas Gerais
Beneficiário:Vania Silvia Rosolen
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/14168-1 - Evolução da paisagem, caracterização das fases organo-metálicas e prospecção dos depósitos de argilas aluminosas refratárias do sistema Latossolo - Gleissolo (Oeste de Minas Gerais)
Beneficiário:Vania Silvia Rosolen
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular