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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Mutation dynamics of CpG dinucleotides during a recent event of vertebrate diversification

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Autor(es):
Pertille, Fabio [1, 2] ; Da Silva, Vinicius H. [3, 4, 5] ; Johansson, Anna M. [3] ; Lindstrom, Tom [6] ; Wright, Dominic [1] ; Coutinho, Luiz L. [2] ; Jensen, Per [1] ; Guerrero-Bosagna, Carlos [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Linkoping Univ, IFM Biol, Avian Behav Genom & Physiol Grp, Linkoping - Sweden
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, Anim Sci Dept, Anim Biotechnol Lab, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[3] Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Anim Breeding & Genet, Uppsala - Sweden
[4] Wageningen Univ & Res, Anim Breeding & Genom Ctr, Wageningen - Netherlands
[5] Netherlands Inst Ecol NIOO KNAW, Dept Anim Ecol AnE, Wageningen - Netherlands
[6] Linkoping Univ, Div Theoret Biol, IFM, Linkoping - Sweden
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Epigenetics; v. 14, n. 7 MAY 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

DNA methylation in CpGs dinucleotides is associated with high mutability and disappearance of CpG sites during evolution. Although the high mutability of CpGs is thought to be relevant for vertebrate evolution, very little is known on the role of CpG-related mutations in the genomic diversification of vertebrates. Our study analysed genetic differences in chickens, between Red Junglefowl (RJF; the living closest relative to the ancestor of domesticated chickens) and domesticated breeds, to identify genomic dynamics that have occurred during the process of their domestication, focusing particularly on CpG-related mutations. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and copy number variations (CNVs) between RJF and these domesticated breeds were assessed in a reduced fraction of their genome. Additionally, DNA methylation in the same fraction of the genome was measured in the sperm of RJF individuals to identify possible correlations with the mutations found between RJF and the domesticated breeds. Our study shows that although the vast majority of CpG-related mutations found relate to CNVs, CpGs disproportionally associate to SNPs in comparison to CNVs, where they are indeed substantially under-represented. Moreover, CpGs seem to be hotspots of mutations related to speciation. We suggest that, on the one hand, CpG-related mutations in CNV regions would promote genomic `flexibility' in evolution, i.e., the ability of the genome to expand its functional possibilities; on the other hand, CpG-related mutations in SNPs would relate to genomic `specificity' in evolution, thus, representing mutations that would associate with phenotypic traits relevant for speciation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/20440-3 - Análise epigenética de perfil de metilação em frangos submetidos à condições de estresse no ambiente de produção
Beneficiário:Fábio Pértille
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/08704-0 - Identificação de locos de interesse zootécnico na galinha doméstica
Beneficiário:Luiz Lehmann Coutinho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 18/13600-0 - Análise do metiloma e transcriptoma de galinhas submetidas a estresse de iluminação no ambiente de produção pecuária
Beneficiário:Fábio Pértille
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado