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Are plain-language summaries included in published reports of evidence about physiotherapy interventions? Analysis of 4421 randomised trials, systematic reviews and guidelines on the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Carvalho, Flavia A. [1] ; Elkins, Mark R. [2, 3] ; Franco, Marcia R. [4] ; Pinto, Rafael Z. [5]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Fac Sci & Technol, Dept Phys Therapy, Presidente Prudente - Brazil
[2] Univ Sydney, Sydney Med Sch, Sydney, NSW - Australia
[3] Univ Sydney, Ctr Evidence Based Physiotherapy, Sch Publ Hlth, Inst Musculoskeletal Hlth, Sydney, NSW - Australia
[4] Ctr Univ UNA, Dept Phys Therapy, Contagem - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Phys Therapy, Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PHYSIOTHERAPY; v. 105, n. 3, p. 354-361, SEP 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background A plain-language summary is a short and clearly stated version of a study's results using non-scientific vocabulary that provide many advantages for patients and clinicians in the process of shared decision-making. Objectives The primary objective was to investigate the extent to which published reports of physiotherapy interventions provide plain language summaries. We investigate as the secondary objectives if the available plain-language summaries are at a suitable reading level for a lay person and if inclusion of plain-language summaries in these reports is increasing over time and is associated with trial quality (i.e. PEDro score). Data sources All 4421 randomised controlled trials (RCT), systematic reviews and clinical practice guidelines that included plain-language summaries indexed on Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) were included. Main outcome measures Proportion of published reports with plain-language summaries, Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES) and the Flesch Kincaid Grade Level (FKGL). Results The number of published reports with a plain-language summary doubled in the last 6 years. From a total of 34,444 reports indexed on PEDro, only 4421 reports had English plain-language summaries. RCTs with plain-language summaries had higher PEDro scores than RCTs without plain-language summaries (mean difference = 0.8 points, 95%CI 0.7 to 0.8). Only 2% of reports were considered at a suitable reading level by the FKGL formula and 0.1% by the FRES formula. Conclusions Although the publication of plain-language summaries is increasing over time, the current number corresponds to only 13% of all published reports. In addition the majority of plain-language summaries are written at an advanced reading level. (C) 2018 Chartered Society of Physiotherapy. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/11609-4 - Os artigos científicos incluem resumos com linguagem clara e acessível para os pacientes? Uma análise dos artigos indexados na base de evidências em fisioterapia (PEDro)
Beneficiário:Flávia Alves de Carvalho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 16/17567-1 - Visita acadêmica do Prof. Dr. Mark Elkins ao Programa de pós-graduação em fisioterapia da Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia da Universidade Estadual Paulista
Beneficiário:Rafael Zambelli de Almeida Pinto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 15/07704-9 - Efeitos da dança sênior nos fatores de risco para quedas em indivíduos idosos: um ensaio clínico aleatorizado controlado
Beneficiário:Marcia Rodrigues Franco Zambelli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado