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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nitrogen isotope evidence for stepwise oxygenation of the ocean during the Great Oxidation Event

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Autor(es):
Cheng, Chen [1, 2] ; Busigny, Vincent [3, 1] ; Ader, Magali [1] ; Thomazo, Christophe [4] ; Chaduteau, Carine [1] ; Philippot, Pascal [5, 1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Paris Diderot, Inst Phys Globe Paris, Sorbonne Paris Cite, UMR CNRS 7154, F-75238 Paris - France
[2] China Univ Min & Technol, Coll Geosci & Surveying Engn, Beijing 100083 - Peoples R China
[3] Inst Univ France, F-75005 Paris - France
[4] Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, UMR CNRS Biogeosci 6282, Dijon - France
[5] Univ Montpellier, CNRS UMR 5243, Geosci Montpellier, F-34000 Montpellier - France
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA; v. 261, p. 224-247, SEP 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

The Earth's oxygenation represents one of the most important environmental drivers of life's evolution, with the first rise, known as `the Great Oxidation Event' (GOE), corresponding to unpreceded accumulation of atmospheric O-2, changes in the flux of marine nutrients and possibly global glaciations. However, the detailed evolution of the GOE is still debated, as for instance the accumulation trends of oceanic versus atmospheric oxygen and the nature of biogeochemical responses to oxygenation. Here, we combine organic carbon and bulk nitrogen isotope compositions with major element concentrations and iron speciation data of sedimentary rocks recovered from two drill cores (T2 and T3) in the early Paleoproterozoic Turee Creek Group, Western Australia, to track the redox evolution of marine conditions during the GOE. T2 core samples of the Kungarra Formation, which consists of elastic sedimentary rocks overlaid by the glaciogenic Meteorite Bore Member, were deposited similar to 2.31 Ga ago. T3 core intercepts, from bottom to top, quartzite of the Koolbye Formation, and shales and stromatolitic carbonates of the Kazput Formation, which were deposited around similar to 2.25 Ga. Samples from T2 show minor variations of delta C-13(org) (avg. -34.5 +/- 1.7%e, n = 30), with no significant difference between siliciclastic and glaciogenic sedimentary rocks. In contrast, T3 samples display an increase in delta C-13(org) from -32.0 to -24.8%e (n = 54) from shales to carbonates. In both T2 and T3 cores, delta C-13(org) values are inversely correlated with Al2O3, suggesting a strong petrological control on delta C-13(org) values, inferred here as resulting from variable contributions of detrital organic matter. Bulk N contents are low, from 13.5 to 56.7 ppm and 15.7 to 53.4 ppm in T2 and T3 samples, respectively. The delta N-15 values show a bimodal distribution, with one mode at +2.6 parts per thousand in T2 and another at +8.8 parts per thousand in T3, independent from lithological variations. This delta N-15 values shift between T2 and T3 is interpreted as reflecting a change from dominating N-2-fixers to NO3-assimilating organisms. This implies an increase of NO3- availability, and thus of O-2 concentration, during the time interval separating the deposition of T2 and T3 sediments. Dissolved NO3- and O-2 concentrations of the Turee Creek marine basin are estimated from two models using N isotope data. The dissolved NO3- concentration has an upper limit ranging from 1.91 to 3.04 mu M, about one order of magnitude below the average value of modern oceans. The lower limit for dissolved oxygen concentration ranges from 1.8 to 4.4 mu M, which is two orders of magnitude lower than modern oceans. Together with previous studies, the present data place quantitative constraints on the redox changes associated with the Great Oxidation Event and illustrate a stepwise increase of NO3- bioavailability between 2.31 to 2.25 Ga, in relation with increasing O-2 level. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/16235-2 - Evolução da vida e oxigenação da terra primitiva: uma perspectiva a partir da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Pascal Andre Marie Philippot
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa SPEC