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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Dissolved arsenic in the upper Paraguay River basin and Pantanal wetlands

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Richter, Larissa [1] ; Hernandez, Amauris Hechavarria [1] ; Pessoa, Gustavo S. [1] ; Zezzi Arruda, Marco Aurelio [1] ; Rezende-Filho, Ary T. [2] ; de Almeida, Rafael Bartimann [3] ; Menezes, Hebert A. [2] ; Valles, Vincent [4] ; Barbiero, Laurent [1, 5, 6, 7] ; Fostier, Anne Helene [1]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Chem Inst, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ South Mato Grosso FAENG, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[3] Grande Dourados Fed Univ, UFGD, Dourados, MS - Brazil
[4] UAPV, Avignon - France
[5] IRD, GET, Toulouse - France
[6] Sao Carlos Fed Univ UFSCar, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[7] Sao Paulo Univ CENA USP, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 687, p. 917-928, OCT 15 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Although high levels of dissolved arsenic were detected in surface and ground waters of Nhecolandia, a subregion of the vast Pantanal wetlands in Brazil, the possible sources have not been clearly identified and the potential release from the wetland to the draining rivers has not been investigated. In this study we measured the dissolved As content in all the rivers and small streams that supply the southern Pantanal region, as well as in the two main rivers draining the wetland, i.e., the Cuiaba and Paraguay rivers and tributaries. In addition, Arsenic in surface waters, perched water-table, soils and sediments from 3 experimental sites located in the heart of Nhecolandia were compared. On the one hand, the results show the absence of As contamination in rivers that supply the Pantanal floodplain, as well as a lack of significant release from the floodplain to the main drains. The As contents in the rivers are <2 mu g L-1, with variations that depend on the lithology and on the geo-morphology at the collection point (uplands or floodplain). On the other hand, they confirm the regional extension of As contamination in Nhecolandia's alkaline waters with some values above 3 mg L-1. Arsenic is mainly in the arsenate form, and increases with the evaporation process estimated from sodiumion concentrations. The pH of soil solution and surface water increases rapidly during evapo-concentration up to values above 9 or 10, preventing adsorption processes on oxides and clay minerals and promoting the retention of dissolved arsenic in solution. Solutions from organic soil horizons show higher As contents in relation to Na, attributed to the formation of ternary complex As-(Fe/Al)-OM. In this alkaline pH range, despite high levels of dissolved As, soil horizons and lake sediments in contact with these waters show As values that correspond to uncontaminated environments. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/12770-0 - Processos pedológicos e hidroquímicos na bacia do Alto Paraguai, Pantanal
Beneficiário:Sonia Maria Furian
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/09192-0 - Salinas do Pantanal da Nhecolândia (MS): Hidro-bio-geoquímica de uma área úmida singular
Beneficiário:Laurent BARBIERO
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/23301-7 - Sistemas alcalinos (águas superficiais, solos) no Pantanal da Nhecolândia (MS): funcionamento hidro-bio-geoquímico
Beneficiário:Janaina Braga Do Carmo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional
Processo FAPESP: 16/14227-5 - Mudanças climáticas e impactos ambientais em áreas alagadas (wetlands) do Pantanal (Brasil): quantificação, fatores de controle e previsão em longo prazo
Beneficiário:Adolpho José Melfi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático