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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Applications of Marine-Derived Microorganisms and Their Enzymes in Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, the Underexplored Potentials

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Autor(es):
Birolli, Willian G. [1, 2] ; Lima, Rafaely N. [1, 2] ; Porto, Andre L. M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Organ Chem & Biocatalysis, Sao Carlos Inst Chem, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, Ctr Exact Sci & Technol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 10, AUG 20 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Biodiversity has been explored in the search for novel enzymes, including forests, savannas, tundras, deserts, and finally the sea. Marine microorganisms and their enzymes are capable of being active in high-salt concentration, large range of temperature, and high incidence of light and pressure, constituting an important source of unique biocatalysts. This review presents studies employing whole-cell processes of marine bacteria and fungi, aiming for new catalysts for different reactions in organic synthesis, such as reduction, oxidation, hydroxylation, hydrolysis, elimination, and conjugation. Genomics and protein engineering studies were also approached, and reactions employing isolated enzymes from different classes (oxidoreductases, hydrolases, lyases, and ligases) were described and summarized. Future biotechnological studies and process development should focus on molecular biology for the obtention of enzymes with interesting, fascinating and enhanced properties, starting from the exploration of microorganisms from the marine environment. This review approaches the literature about the use of marine-derived bacteria, fungi, and their enzymes for biocatalytic reactions of organic compounds, promoting a discussion about the possibilities of these microorganisms in the synthesis of different substances. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/18257-0 - Novas abordagens em reações biocatalíticas
Beneficiário:Andre Luiz Meleiro Porto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/19934-0 - Biodegradação de pesticidas por micro-organismos (fungos e bactérias)
Beneficiário:Andre Luiz Meleiro Porto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular