Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nitrogen maintenance requirements and potential for nitrogen retention of pullets in growth phase

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Soares, Leticia [1] ; Sakomura, Nilva Kazue [1] ; de Paula Dorigam, Juliano Cesar [2] ; Liebert, Frank [3] ; do Nascimento, Mariana Quintino [1] ; Kochenborger Fernandes, Joao Batista [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Anim Sci, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castelane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Evonik Nutr & Care GmbH, Hanau, Hessen - Germany
[3] Univ Gottingen, Chair Anim Nutr, Gottingen - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY AND ANIMAL NUTRITION; v. 103, n. 4, p. 1168-1173, JUL 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Experiments were conducted to estimate daily N maintenance requirements (NMRs) and the genetic potential for daily N retention (NRmaxT) of pullets in growth phase. Three nitrogen balance trials were conducted, and a total of 48 Hy-line W-36 pullets were used in each trial in age periods (starter: 14-28, grower: 56-70 and developer: 98-112 days). The treatments consisted of six graded levels of nitrogen in the diets (L1 = 8, L2 = 16, L3 = 24, L4 = 32, L5 = 40 and L6 = 48 g N/kg of feed), formulated using the dilution technique. The regression analyses between nitrogen intake and nitrogen excretion were performed to fit the exponential function and to determine the NMR. The daily NMRs that were estimated at 294, 331 and 355 mg/BWkg0.67 for the initial, grower and developer periods, respectively, were applied for further calculation of NRmaxT as the threshold value of the function between N intake and daily N balance. The NRmaxT was estimated by a statistical procedure following several iteration steps by the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm until the sum of the squares of the residual was minimized. The NRmaxT was estimated at 3,200, 2,633 and 1,826 mg/BWkg0.67 for starter, grower and developer periods respectively. The determined model parameters were the precondition for modelling of the amino acid requirement based on an exponential N-utilization model and depended on performance and dietary amino acid efficiency. This procedure will be further developed and applied in the subsequent study. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/25761-4 - Modelagem da produção e das exigências nutricionais de aves e peixes
Beneficiário:Nilva Kazue Sakomura
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 16/00536-6 - Determinação da relação ideal dos aminoácidos essenciais para aves de postura pelo método da deleção
Beneficiário:Letícia Soares
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado