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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fire and legume germination in a tropical savanna: ecological and historical factors

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Autor(es):
Felipe Daibes, L. [1] ; Pausas, Juli G. [2] ; Bonani, Nathalia [1] ; Nunes, Jessika [1] ; Silveira, Fernando A. O. [3] ; Fidelis, Alessandra [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Lab Vegetat Ecol, Ave 24-A 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro - Brazil
[2] CSIC, Ctr Invest Desertificac CIDE, C Naquera Km 4-5, Valencia 46113 - Spain
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Bot, CP 486, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANNALS OF BOTANY; v. 123, n. 7, p. 1219-1229, JUN 4 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Background and Aims in many flammable ecosystems, physically dormant seeds show dormancy-break patterns tied to tire, but the link between heat shock and germination in the tropical savannas of Africa and South America remains controversial. Seed heat tolerance is important, preventing seed mortality during fire passage, and is usually predicted by seed traits. This study investigated the role of fire frequency (ecological effects) and seed traits through phylogenetic comparison (historical effects), in determining post-fire germination and seed mortality in legume species of the Cerrado, a tropical savanna forest mosaic. Methods Seeds of 46 legume species were collected from three vegetation types (grassy savannas, woody savannas and forests) with different fire frequencies. Heat shock experiments (100 C for 1 min, 100 degrees C for 3 min, 200 C for 1 min) were then performed, followed by germination and seed viability tests. Principal component analysis, generalized linear mixed models and phylogenetic comparisons were used in data analyses. Key Results Heat shocks had little effect on germination, but seed mortality was variable across treatments and species. Seed mortality was lowest under the 100 degrees C 1 min treatment, and significantly higher under 100 degrees C 3 min and 200 degrees C 1 min; larger seed mass decreased seed mortality, especially at 200 C. Tree species in Detarioideae had the largest seeds and were unaffected by heat. Small seededspecies (mostly shrubs from grassy savannas) were relatively sensitive to the hottest treatment. Nevertheless, the presence of physical dormancy helped to avoid seed mortality in small-seeded species under the hottest treatment. Conclusions Physical dormancy-break is not tied to fire in the Cerrado mosaic. Heat tolerance appears in both forest and savanna species and is predicted by seed traits (seed mass and physical dormancy), which might have helped forest lineages to colonize the savannas. The results show seed fire responses are better explained by historical than ecological factors in the Cerrado, contrasting with different fire-prone ecosystems throughout the world. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/06743-0 - Como a época do fogo afeta a vegetação do cerrado?
Beneficiário:Alessandra Tomaselli Fidelis
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 17/00638-6 - Atributos de sementes e experimentos de germinação
Beneficiário:Nathalia Bonani
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Programa Capacitação - Treinamento Técnico
Processo FAPESP: 15/11176-8 - Efeitos do fogo na germinação e crescimento de plântulas de leguminosas de campo sujo
Beneficiário:Jessika da Silva Nunes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica