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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Maintaining genetic integrity with high promiscuity: Frequent hybridization with low introgression in multiple hybrid zones of Melocactus (Cactaceae)

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Autor(es):
Khan, Gulzar [1] ; Franco, Fernando F. [1] ; Silva, Gislaine A. R. [1] ; Bombonato, Juliana R. [1, 2] ; Machado, Marlon [3] ; Alonso, Diego P. [4, 5] ; Ribolla, Paulo E. M. [4, 5] ; Albach, Dirk C. [6] ; Moraes, Evandro M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Ctr Ciencias Humanas & Biol, Dept Biol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Programa Posgrad Biol Comparada, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Feira de Santana, Feira De Santana, BA - Brazil
[4] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Biotechnol Inst IBTEC, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Biosci Inst Botucatu IBB, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[6] Carl von Ossietzky Univ Oldenburg, Inst Biol & Environm Sci, Oldenburg - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution; v. 142, JAN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Hybridization and introgression between species in contact/hybrid zones provide important insight into the genetic and ecological mechanisms of speciation. Cactaceae represents the most important radiation of true succulent angiosperms in the New World. This diversification continues to date, with species experiencing few intrinsic barriers to gene flow and the frequent occurrence of natural hybridization. Here, we used RAD-Seq single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) data to investigate the genetic architecture of hybridization in four hybrid zones hosting Melocactus concinnus and four congeneric species (M. ernestii, M. glaucescens, M. paucispinus, and M. zehntneri). Our results revealed that M. concinnus is highly promiscuous in sympatric areas and hybridizes with various species distributed in Morro do Chapeu (Diamantina Plateau, Bahia), eastern Brazil. However, the contemporary genomic introgression among the investigated species is very low (c. 2-5%), confirming that even in the face of hybridization, Melocactus species maintain their genetic integrity. The genomic cline approach showed a large fraction of loci deviating from a model of neutral introgression, where most of the loci are consistent with selection favoring parental genotypes. Our results suggest the occurrence of weak premating but strong postmating reproductive isolation in the analyzed cactus species. Furthermore, as most of the Melocactus species are restricted in distribution, hybridization might negatively affect their integrity if hybrids replace the parental species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/25227-0 - Análises Filogenéticas Multilocos aplicadas ao entendimento de relações evolutivas entre espécies de Cereus (Cactaceae; Cereeae)
Beneficiário:Fernando de Faria Franco
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/26224-5 - Hibridização e introgressão em populações híbridas de Melocactus (Cactaceae) na Chapada Diamantina, Bahia, Brasil: Uma análise genômica usando RAD-Seq
Beneficiário:Gulzar Khan
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado