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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A new mechanism for millennial scale positive precipitation anomalies over tropical South America

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Autor(es):
Campos, Marilia C. [1] ; Chiessi, Cristiano M. [1] ; Prange, Matthias [2] ; Mulitza, Stefan [2] ; Kuhnert, Henning [2] ; Paul, Andre [2] ; Venancio, Igor M. [3] ; Albuquerque, Ana Luiza S. [4] ; Cruz, Francisco W. [5] ; Bahr, Andre [6]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Bremen, MARUM Ctr Marine Environm Sci, Bremen - Germany
[3] Natl Inst Space Res INPE, Ctr Weather Forecasting & Climate Studies CPTEC, Cachoeira Paulista - Brazil
[4] Fluminense Fed Univ, Grad Program Geochem, Niteroi, RJ - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geoci, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[6] Heidelberg Univ, Inst Earth Sci, Heidelberg - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: QUATERNARY SCIENCE REVIEWS; v. 225, DEC 1 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Continental and marine paleoclimate archives from northwestern and northeastern South America recorded positive precipitation anomalies during Heinrich Stadials (HS). These anomalies have been classically attributed to enhanced austral summer (monsoon) precipitation. However, the lack of marine paleoclimate records off eastern South America as well as inconsistencies between southeastern South American continental and marine records hamper a comprehensive understanding of the mechanism responsible for (sub-) tropical South American hydroclimate response to HS. Here we investigate piston core M125-95-3 collected off eastern South America (10.94 degrees S) and simulate South American HS conditions with a high-resolution version of an atmosphere-ocean general circulation model. Further, meridional changes in precipitation over (sub-) tropical South America were assessed with a thorough compilation of previously available marine paleorecords. Our ln(Ti/Ca) and ln(Fe/K) data show increases during HS6-Younger Dryas. It is the first core off eastern South America and the southernmost from the Atlantic continental margin of South America that unequivocally records HS-related positive precipitation anomalies. Based on our new data, model results and the compilation of available marine records, we propose a new mechanism for the positive precipitation anomalies over tropical South America during HS. The new mechanism involves austral summer precipitation increases only over eastern South America while the rest of tropical South America experienced precipitation increases during the winter, challenging the widely held assumption of a strengthened monsoon. South American precipitation changes were triggered by dynamic and thermodynamic processes including a stronger moisture supply from the equatorial North Atlantic (tropical South Atlantic) in austral winter (summer). (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/10242-0 - Ocorrência e impacto da mega-Zona de Convergência do Atlântico Sul na porção leste da América do Sul durante o último período glacial: uma abordagem paleoceanográfica
Beneficiário:Marília de Carvalho Campos Garcia
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/15123-4 - Perspectivas pretéritas sobre limiares críticos do sistema climático: a Floresta Amazônica e a célula de revolvimento meridional do Atlântico (PPTEAM)
Beneficiário:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Jovens Pesquisadores - Fase 2
Processo FAPESP: 18/06790-7 - Variabilidade da Corrente do Brasil e do clima da América do Sul durante o último glacial: avaliação das temperaturas da superfície do mar através de análises de Mg/Ca e de pulsos de sedimentos terrígenos através de análises de fluorescência de raios-X
Beneficiário:Marília de Carvalho Campos Garcia
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado