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The recovery rates of secondary savannas in abandoned pastures are poorly explained by environmental and landscape factors

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Autor(es):
Cava, Mario G. B. [1] ; Pilon, Natashi A. L. [2] ; Priante, Camila F. [3] ; Ribeiro, Milton Cezar [3] ; Durigan, Giselda [2, 4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ciencia Florestal, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Ecol, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[4] Inst Florestal Estado Sao Paulo, Floresta Estadual Assis, Assis, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: APPLIED VEGETATION SCIENCE; v. 23, n. 1 OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Question Assessing the natural regeneration potential of degraded savannas is a crucial step in restoration planning, since that assessment will define the need for and costs of active intervention. Predicting natural regeneration, however, depends on the mechanistic understanding of ecosystem resilience. Here, we searched for the factors modulating plant communities spontaneously regenerating in abandoned pastures. Location Tropical savanna (cerrado), Brazil. Methods Over two years, we quantified changes in the structure, richness and species composition of plant communities in 29 secondary savannas resulting from pasture abandonment. We then investigated the influence of soil and landscape attributes, exotic grass cover and time since pasture abandonment on the recovery rate and species composition of these communities. Results The wide variation among sites was not explained by time since abandonment or distance to the nearest remnant native vegetation. Soil attributes, exotic grasses and native vegetation cover around a pasture explained a small fraction of the variation in the recovery rate. We did not find an isolated factor or a robust set of factors explaining the variation in the recovery rate for all vegetation attributes. Species composition was slightly influenced by exotic grasses, soil penetration resistance, proportion of fine soil particles and time since abandonment. Colonization and resprouting by savanna specialists over the two-year period were hindered by exotic grasses. Conclusion The use of predictive models based on soil properties, exotic grasses, landscape attributes or time since abandonment is unfeasible for inferring the recovery rate of savanna structure and richness after pasture abandonment. Case-by-case monitoring is required to support decisions on restoration intervention. Other factors, which are almost impossible to obtain, such as land-use practices and history and the taxonomic or functional composition of pre-existing vegetation, can potentially influence the recovery rate. Exotic grasses must be controlled to favour colonization and resprouting by savanna specialists. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/17888-2 - Efeito da queima prescrita e da geada sobre a diversidade e estrutura do estrato herbáceo-arbustivo do Cerrado
Beneficiário:Natashi Aparecida Lima Pilon
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/50421-2 - Novos métodos de amostragem e ferramentas estatísticas para pesquisa em biodiversidade: integrando ecologia de movimento com ecologia de população e comunidade
Beneficiário:Milton Cezar Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 15/23131-9 - Diagnóstico e fatores condicionantes da resiliência da vegetação de Cerrado em pastagens abandonadas
Beneficiário:Mário Guilherme de Biagi Cava
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado