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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Communal egg-laying behaviour and the consequences of egg aggregation in the brown anole (Anolis sagrei)

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Autor(es):
Dees, Allison [1] ; Wilson, Kayla [1, 2] ; Reali, Chanel [1] ; Pruett, Jenna E. [1] ; Hall, Joshua M. [1] ; Brandt, Renata [1, 3, 4] ; Warner, Daniel A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Auburn Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Auburn, AL 36849 - USA
[2] Univ Alabama, Dept Biol Sci, Huntsville, AL 35899 - USA
[3] Laurentian Univ, Sch Environm, Sudbury, ON - Canada
[4] Sci North, Sudbury, ON - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Ethology; v. 126, n. 7 APR 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Communal nesting is a behaviour that involves multiple females laying eggs in the same nest or nesting site. This behaviour may be a consequence of a shortage of preferable nest sites (constraint hypothesis) or an adaptation generated by fitness benefits associated with egg aggregation (adaptive hypothesis). Experimental tests of these hypotheses require information about maternal nest site choice and its fitness consequences. To address these, we studied a lizard (brown anole; Anolis sagrei) that produces single-egg clutches, but often aggregates eggs in nest sites. In a lab study, females were given the option of nesting in (a) soil previously used as nest substrate vs. fresh soil and (b) soil with eggshells vs. without eggshells. We also experimentally examined the effects of egg aggregation by incubating eggs singly, in groups of four, and in groups of nine. We recorded egg surface temperature, water uptake, and hatchling morphology. Females were more likely to nest in pots with used soil and with eggshells than in pots with fresh soil or without eggshells. We observed no effects of egg aggregation on egg survival, egg temperature, or most measures of hatchling morphology. However, singly-incubated eggs absorbed more water than eggs incubated in the four and nine egg aggregations and this resulted in offspring with greater body condition (i.e. heavier for their length) at hatching. The behavioural experiment demonstrates that females actively choose nest sites that have been used previously (as expected under the adaptive hypothesis), but the egg-aggregation experiment shows no benefits to offspring based on the variables measured. Thus, results of the behaviour study support the adaptive hypothesis; however, results from our egg-incubation study do not. Likely, the adaptive and constraint hypotheses are not mutually exclusive, and a diversity of factors influence the evolution of communal nesting behaviour. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/01558-3 - Alocação sexual facultativa em resposta a razão sexual operacional ou juvenil no lagarto Anolis sagrei
Beneficiário:Renata Brandt Nunes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/14125-0 - Análise integrativa do dimorfismo sexual em lagartos: morfologia, significado funcional e seleção
Beneficiário:Renata Brandt Nunes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado