Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Mapping carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of fingernails to demonstrate a rural-urban nutrition transition in the Center-West, Northeast, and Amazon regions of Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mostrar menos -
Nardoto, Gabriela B. [1] ; da Silva, Rodrigo J. [2] ; Schor, Tatiana [3] ; Garavello, Maria Elisa P. E. [4] ; da Silva, Marcia Regina F. [5] ; Rodrigues, Livia P. F. [6] ; Murrieta, Rui Sergio S. [7] ; Camilo, Ellen A. [3] ; Reinaldo, Emanoella D. F. [5] ; de Aquino, Fernanda C. [6] ; da Silva, Estefano A. [6] ; de Camargo, Plinio B. [8] ; Moreira, Marcelo Z. [8] ; Mazzi, Edmar A. [8] ; Duarte-Neto, Paulo Jose [9] ; Martinelli, Luiz Antonio [8]
Número total de Autores: 16
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Brasilia, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Ecol, BR-70910900 Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Rural Amazonia UFRA, Belem, Para - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Amazonas, Dept Geog, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, ESALQ, Piracicaba - Brazil
[5] Univ Estado Rio Grande do Norte, Dept Gestao Ambiental, Mossoro - Brazil
[6] Univ Brasilia, Fac UnB Planaltina, Brasilia, DF - Brazil
[7] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Lab Arqueol Antropol Ambiental & Evolut LAAAE, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Ecol Isotop, CENA, Piracicaba - Brazil
[9] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco, Dept Estat & Informat, Recife, PE - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 9
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY; v. 172, n. 4 JUN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Objective The main objective of this study is to investigate diet patterns among rural and urban populations of the Center-West, Northeast, and Amazon regions of Brazil through the carbon and nitrogen isotopic composition of fingernails, recognizing that the extent of market integration is a key driver of food consumption. Materials and methods In the Center-West, Northeast, and Amazon regions of Brazil, fingernails were sampled in clusters encompassing a major city, town, and rural village. A total of 2,133 fingernails were analyzed. Fingernails were clipped by donors using fingernail clippers. In the laboratory, samples were cleaned then weighed in small tin capsules before being isotopically analyzed for carbon and nitrogen. Results The overall mean delta C-13 and delta N-15 were -19.7 +/- 2.8 parts per thousand and 10.6 +/- 1.1 parts per thousand, respectively. In the more remote villages, where access to food markets is more challenging, lower delta C-13 prevails, suggesting that Brazilian staple foods (rice, beans, and farinha) still dominate. In areas with easier access to food markets, delta C-13 values were higher, suggesting a change to a diet based on C-4 plants, typical of a Brazilian supermarket diet. The variability among inhabitants in the same location expressed by a significant inverse correlation between delta C-13 and delta N-15 fingernail values suggested that ``market integration{''} does not affect everyone equally in each community. Discussion and Conclusion The nutrition transition has not yet reached some remote villages in these regions of Brazil or that the nutrition transition has not yet reached all residents of these remote villages. On the other hand, in several villages there is a considerable adherence to the supermarket diet or that some residents of these villages are already favoring processed food. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50345-9 - Mapeamento isotópico da dieta no Brasil - dos núcleos mais isolados aos grandes centros urbanos
Beneficiário:Luiz Antonio Martinelli
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular