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Structural basis for the function and inhibition of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase from Schistosoma mansoni

Texto completo
de Mori, Renan M. [1] ; Aleixo, Mariana A. A. [1] ; Zapata, Luana C. C. [1] ; Calil, Felipe A. [1] ; Emery, Flavio S. [2] ; Nonato, M. Cristina [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Lab Cristalog Prot, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Lab Quim Heterocicl & Med, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FEBS Journal; v. 288, n. 3 JUN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 1

Schistosomiasis is a serious public health problem, prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas, especially in poor communities without access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation. Transmission has been reported in 78 countries, and its control depends on a single drug, praziquantel, which has been used over the past 30 years. Our work is focused on exploiting target-based drug discovery strategies to develop new therapeutics to treat schistosomiasis. In particular, we are interested in evaluating the enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) as a drug target. DHODH is a flavoenzyme that catalyzes the stereospecific oxidation of (S)-dihydroorotate (DHO) to orotate during the fourth and only redox step of the de novo pyrimidine nucleotide biosynthetic pathway. Previously, we identified atovaquone, used in the treatment of malaria, and its analogues, as potent and selective inhibitors against Schistosoma mansoni DHODH (SmDHODH). In the present article, we report the first crystal structure of SmDHODH in complex with the atovaquone analogue inhibitor 2-((4-fluorophenyl)amino)-3-hydroxynaphthalene-1,4-dione (QLA). We discuss three major findings: (a) the open conformation of the active site loop and the unveiling of a novel transient druggable pocket for class 2 DHODHs; (b) the presence of a protuberant domain, only present in Schistosoma spp DHODHs, that was found to control and modulate the dynamics of the inhibitor binding site; (c) a detailed description of an unexpected binding mode for the atovaquone analogue to SmDHODH. Our findings contribute to the understanding of the catalytic mechanism performed by class 2 DHODHs and provide the molecular basis for structure-guided design of SmDHODH inhibitors. Database The structural data are available in Protein Data Bank (PDB) database under the accession code number . (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 19/04395-6 - Busca de ligantes para a diidroorotato desidrogenase: uma abordagem moderna para descoberta de drogas
Beneficiário:Renan Minin de Mori
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 19/08376-6 - Caracterização estrutural da enzima diidroorotato desidrogenase de Schistosoma mansoni
Beneficiário:Luana Carlos Campisano Zapata
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 15/25099-5 - Reposicionamento de fármacos antimaláricos no tratamento da esquistossomose baseado na inibição seletiva da enzima diidroorotato desidrogenase
Beneficiário:Felipe Antunes Calil
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado