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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Atrazine nanoencapsulation improves pre-emergence herbicidal activity against Bidens pilosa without enhancing long-term residual effect on Glycine max

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Autor(es):
Preisler, Ana C. [1] ; Pereira, Anderson E. S. [2] ; Campos, Estefania V. R. [2] ; Dalazen, Giliardi [3] ; Fraceto, Leonardo F. [2] ; Oliveira, Halley C. [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Anim & Plant Biol, PR445 Km 380, BR-86057970 Londrina, Parana - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Sci & Technol Sorocaba, Dept Environm Engn, Sorocaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Agron, Londrina, Parana - Brazil
[4] Dalazen, Giliardi, Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Agron, Londrina, Parana, Brazil.Preisler, Ana C., Univ Estadual Londrina, Dept Anim & Plant Biol, PR445 Km 380, BR-86057970 Londrina, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Pest Management Science; v. 76, n. 1, p. 141-149, JAN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

BACKGROUND: Poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocapsules (NC+ ATZ) are an efficient carrier system for atrazine and were developed as an alternative to reduce the harmful environmental effects of this herbicide. Here, we analyzed the pre-emergence herbicidal activity of NC+ ATZ against Bidens pilosa and evaluated its residual effect on soybean plants after different periods of soil treatment with the formulations. RESULTS: In contrast to non-nanoatrazine, NC+ ATZ treatment led to very high mortality rates of B. pilosa seedlings even after a tenfold dilution, which suggests that atrazine nanoencapsulation improved its pre-emergence herbicidal activity. In a short-term assay (17 days), soil treatment with all atrazine-containing formulations resulted in intense toxicity to soybean plants. NC+ ATZ at 200 g ha(-1) had the same inhibitory effects on the physiological and growth parameters of soybean plants compared with non-nanoatrazine at 2000 g ha(-1), which suggests that atrazine nanoencapsulation increased the short-term residual effect of the herbicide. In a long-term assay (60 days), a gradual recovery of soybean plants from atrazine phytotoxicity was observed. When comparing the effects of nano- and non-nanoatrazine at the same concentrations, the growth and physiological parameters of soybean plants were mainly affected to the same extent. This indicates that encapsulation of atrazine into poly(epsilon-caprolactone) nanocapsules did not enhance the long-term residual effect of the herbicide on soybean. CONCLUSION: NC+ ATZ could be applied for efficient weed control without additional phytotoxicity to susceptible crops compared with non-nanoatrazine, provided that a safe interval is respected from atrazine application to sowing. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/21004-5 - Agricultura, micro/nanotecnologia e ambiente: da avaliação dos mecanismos de ação a estudos de transporte e toxicidade
Beneficiário:Leonardo Fernandes Fraceto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático