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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of chronic alcohol intake on motor functions on the elderly

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Autor(es):
Friosi de Carvalho, Joyce Karoline [1] ; Pereira-Rufino, Lais da Silva [2] ; Panfilio, Carlos Eduardo [3] ; Amorim Silva, Regiane Dias [2] ; Cespedes, Isabel Cristina [2]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Biociencias, Santos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Morfol & Genet, Escola Paulista Med, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Municipal Sao Caetanodo Sul USCS, Escola Saude, Sao Caetano do Sul, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Neuroscience Letters; v. 745, FEB 6 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a chronic and progressive disease influenced by genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors. The consequences of alcohol consumption involve alterations in neural circuits of emotion and cognition, as well as in the motor planning circuit. Furthermore, during the natural aging process, several biochemical and functional alterations are also observed with neurological consequences. Thus, considering the consequences of chronic alcohol consumption on neural systems and natural aging process, we aimed to analyze the degree of motor and functional impairment in elderly with chronic alcohol consumption. Sixty elderly underwent an analysis of alcohol consumption profile (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - AUDIT) that divided them into a control group (CON) and an alcohol group (ALC). The analysis of quality of life was performed using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), the analysis of motor function was performed using the Borg Scale, the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) and the Motor Scale for Elderly (MSE). We were able to conclude that the misuse of alcohol by the elderly promotes significant physical limitations. These limitations result in a worsening of functional capacity of walking and various dimensions of motor ability: fine motor skill, global coordination, balance, body scheme, spatial organization, temporal organization, and general motor aptitude. Besides the physical limitations caused by alcohol use, the quality of life in their physical, mental, and social aspects was reduced. Thus, actions are required to help the elderly understand these losses and exercise control over alcohol misuse. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/01158-7 - Análise da influência do polimorfismo genético associado aos peptídeos e receptores da família CRF e do estresse ambiental no desenvolvimento da dependência de álcool
Beneficiário:Isabel Cristina Céspedes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular