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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Association between polymorphism in gene related to the dopamine circuit and motivations for drinking in patients with alcohol use disorder

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Autor(es):
Cespedes, Isabel Cristina [1] ; Ota, Vanessa Kiyomi [1] ; Mazzotti, Diego Robles [2] ; Wscieklica, Tatiana [3] ; Conte, Rafael [1] ; Galduroz, Jose Carlos Fernandes [4] ; Varela, Patricia [5] ; Pesquero, Joao Bosco [5] ; Souza-Formigoni, Maria Lucia Oliveira [4]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Morphol & Genet, Rua Botucatu 740, 1o Andar, BR-04023900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Penn, Chronobiol & Sleep Inst, 125 South 31st St, Philadelphia, PA 19104 - USA
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Biosci, Rua Silva Jardim 136, BR-11015020 Santos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Psychobiol, Rua Botucatu 862, 1o Andar, BR-04023062 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Biophys, Rua Botucatu 740, 1o Andar, BR-04023900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH; v. 295, JAN 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The development of alcohol use disorder (AUD) is influenced by genetic, psychological, and social factors. However, the identification of the load of each of these factors and the association between them is still debatable. This study aimed to explore the load of the association between AUD and polymorphisms in genes of the dopaminergic system, as well as with drinking triggers. The study comprised 227 inpatients with AUD and 174 controls. The pattern and motivations for drinking were evaluated using the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Inventory of Drinking Situations (IDS). Analyses of genetic variation in genes encoding dopaminergic were performed using next generation sequencing. We observed an significant association between a polymorphism in DDC (rs11575457) and AUD. Positive reinforcement factors as urges/temptations to drink and pleasant emotion, in isolation, were the significantly related elements to drinking. In addition, negative (physical discomfort) and positive reinforcement factors (testing personal control; pleasant time with others) significantly reinforced the interaction with DDC genetic variant for increased odds of an individual presenting AUD. These results indicated a complex relationship between the dopaminergic system and the drugseeking behavior profiles. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/01158-7 - Análise da influência do polimorfismo genético associado aos peptídeos e receptores da família CRF e do estresse ambiental no desenvolvimento da dependência de álcool
Beneficiário:Isabel Cristina Céspedes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 14/27198-8 - Estabelecimento de um centro de pesquisa genética e molecular para desafios clínicos
Beneficiário:João Bosco Pesquero
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático