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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Brain Damage and Gene Expression Across Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia Subtypes

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Autor(es):
Servelhere, Katiane R. [1] ; Ribeiro Rezende, Thiago Junqueira [1] ; de Lima, Fabricio Diniz [1] ; de Brito, Mariana Rabelo [1] ; de Franca Nunes, Renan Flavio [1] ; Casseb, Raphael F. [2] ; Pedroso, Jose Luiz [3] ; Barsottini, Orlando Graziani P. [3] ; Cendes, Fernando [1] ; Franca Jr, Marcondes C.
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Neurol, Sch Med Sci, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Calgary, Seaman Family MR Res Ctr, Calgary, AB - Canada
[3] Fed Univ Sao Paulo UNIFESP, Dept Neurol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MOVEMENT DISORDERS; v. 36, n. 7, p. 1644-1653, JUL 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Background Spinal cord has been considered the main target of damage in hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs), but mounting evidence indicates that the brain is also affected. Despite this, little is known about the brain signature of HSPs, in particular regarding stratification for specific genetic subtypes. Objective We aimed to characterize cerebral and cerebellar damage in five HSP subtypes (9 SPG3A, 27 SPG4, 10 SPG7, 9 SPG8, and 29 SPG11) and to uncover the clinical and gene expression correlates. Methods We obtained high-resolution brain T1 and diffusion tensor image (DTI) datasets in this cross-sectional case-control study (n = 84). The MRICloud, FreeSurfer, and CERES-SUIT pipelines were employed to assess cerebral gray (GM) and white matter (WM) as well as the cerebellum. Results Brain abnormalities were found in all but one HSP group (SPG3A), but the patterns were gene-specific: basal ganglia, thalamic, and posterior WM involvement in SPG4; diffuse WM and cerebellar involvement in SPG7; cortical thinning at the motor cortices and pallidal atrophy in SPG8; and widespread GM, WM, and deep cerebellar nuclei damage in SPG11. Abnormal regions in SPG4 and SPG8 matched those with higher SPAST and WASHC5 expression, whereas in SPG7 and SPG11 this concordance was only noticed in the cerebellum. Conclusions Brain damage is a conspicuous feature of HSPs (even for pure subtypes), but the pattern of abnormalities is genotype-specific. Correlation between brain structural damage and gene expression maps is different for autosomal dominant and recessive HSPs, pointing to distinct pathophysiological mechanisms underlying brain damage in these subgroups of the disease. (c) 2021 International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/13102-7 - Caracterização e Comparação de Métodos Bayesianos e Baseados em Deep Learning para Segmentação Cerebelar
Beneficiário:Thiago Junqueira Ribeiro de Rezende
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/07559-3 - Instituto Brasileiro de Neurociência e Neurotecnologia - BRAINN
Beneficiário:Fernando Cendes
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs