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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Is selection for resistance and resilience to Haemonchus contortus possible in Morada Nova sheep?

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Haehling, Marei B. [1] ; Toscano, Joao Henrique B. [1] ; Giraldelo, Luciana A. [2] ; Santos, Isabella B. [1] ; Esteves, Sergio N. [3] ; Benavides, V, Magda ; Tholon, Patricia [3] ; Chagas, Ana Carolina. S. [3]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista Julio Mesquita Filho UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Ctr Univ Cent Paulista UNICEP, Rua Miguel Petroni 5111, BR-13563470 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, Km 234 Fazenda Canchim, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Small Ruminant Research; v. 201, AUG 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) are a major constraint for sheep production. Selection of animals resistant to GIN infection is an effective and sustainable control strategy. In this study, the possibility of selection for resistance and resilience, as well as potential correlated responses, were evaluated. A total of 256 lambs and 123 ewes were submitted to two consecutive independent artificial infections with 4,000 infective larvae (L3) of Haemonchus contortus. Records of faecal egg count (FEC), packed cell volume (PCV), and body weight (BW) were taken serially until day 42 after infection in both challenges. Estimates of genetic parameters were obtained for individual records (in lambs) and for overall traits (in lambs and ewes) using mixed models. Phenotypic and genetic correlations were estimated between traits in lambs, with genetic correlations being based on estimated breeding values (EBVs). In addition, correlations between FEC in lambs and FEC in ewes, as well as PCV in lambs and ewes, were calculated. Heritability estimates for FEC in the first and second parasite challenge were, respectively, 0.25 +/- 0.18 and 0.46 +/- 0.19 for lambs, and 0.00 +/- 0.09 and 0.20 +/- 0.16 for ewes. For PCV, heritability estimates were 0.23 +/- 0.14 and 0.32 +/- 0.16 for lambs and 0.13 +/- 0.11 and 0.37 +/- 0.18 for ewes. For the overall daily weight gain (DWG), the heritability estimate was 0.70 +/- 0.21. No significant genetic correlation was found between DWG and the other traits, while there was a negative genetic correlation between FEC and PCV (-0.70 +/- 0.03). Genetic correlations of FEC and PCV between lambs and ewes were 0.36 +/- 0.08 and 0.42 +/- 0.08, respectively. The results of the present study suggest that selection for low FEC, high PCV and high BW/ DWG is possible in Morada Nova lambs. Furthermore, selection for low FEC should have a correlated response on PCV (leading to higher PCV), while no correlated response is expected on DWG. Selection for low FEC in lambs would, in future generations, lead to higher resistance of lambs and also of ewes. Simultaneous selection for all three traits is possible in Morada Nova lambs, which would increase performance, decrease losses due to parasite infection and reduce the need for anthelmintic treatments, with beneficial consequences regarding selection pressure on parasite populations and productivity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/00373-2 - Caracterização de respostas imunes locais associadas ao fenótipo de resistência parasitária em cordeiros da raça morada nova
Beneficiário:João Henrique Barbosa Toscano
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 17/01626-1 - Caracterização genética e de respostas imunes associadas ao fenótipo de resistência parasitária em rebanho ovino da raça Morada Nova
Beneficiário:Ana Carolina de Souza Chagas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/24289-0 - Cordeiros Morada Nova: cuidados ao nascimento, avaliação dos níveis de infecção por nematóides gastrintestinais e seu impacto no ganho de peso
Beneficiário:Luciana Aparecida Giraldelo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica