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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

In situ arsenic speciation at the soil/water interface of saline-alkaline lakes of the Pantanal, Brazil: A DGT-based approach

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Autor(es):
Viana, Jose Lucas Martins [1] ; de Souza, Adriana Felix [1] ; Hernandez, Amauris Hechavarria [1] ; Elias, Lucas Pellegrini [2] ; Eismann, Carlos Eduardo [2] ; Rezende-Filho, Ary Tavares [3] ; Barbiero, Laurent [4] ; Menegario, Amauri Antonio [2] ; Fostier, Anne Helene [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Chem, UNICAMP, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Environm Studies Ctr, Av 24-A, 1515, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ South Mato Grosso UFMS, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[4] Univ P Sabatier, Geosci Environm Toulouse GET, CNRS, IRD, OMP, 14 Ave Edouard Belin, F-F31400 Toulouse - France
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Science of The Total Environment; v. 804, JAN 15 2022.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Arsenic (As) is a naturally occurring element in the Earth's crust, exhibiting toxicity towards a wide range of living organisms. Its properties and environmental dynamics are strongly regulated by its speciation, and the species As (III) and As(V) are the most commonly found in environmental systems. Recently, high concentrations of As were found in saline-alkaline lakes of the Pantanal (Brazil), which is the largest wetland area in the world. Therefore, we evaluated As contamination and its redox speciation (As(III) and As(V)) at the soil/water interface of biogeochemically distinct saline-alkaline lakes of Pantanal wetlands (Brazil). Both conventional sampling and in situ diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique were employed. Zirconium oxide and 3-mercaptopropyl were used as ligand phases in DGT to selectively bind As species. High concentrations of total dissolved As in a shallow water table were found (<2337.5 mu g L-1), whereas levels in soils were up to 2.4 mu g g(-1). Distinct scenarios were observed when comparing speciation analysis through spot sampling and DGT. Considering spot sampling, As(V) was the main species detected, whereas As(III) was only detected in only a few samples (<4.2 mu g L-1). Conversely, results obtained by DGT showed that labile As(III) dominated arsenic speciation at the soil/water interface with levels up to 203.0 mu g L-1. Coupling DGT data and DGT induced fluxes in sediments and soils model allowed obtaining kinetic data, showing that the soil barely participated in the arsenic dynamics on the shore of the lakes, and that this participation depends on the evapoconcentration process occurring in the region. Therefore, soil acts like a nonreactive matrix depending on the natural concentration process. In addition, our results reinforced the different geochemical characteristics of the studied saline-alkaline lakes and highlights the importance of robust passive sampling techniques in the context of metal/metalloid speciation in environ-mental analysis. (C) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/14227-5 - Mudanças climáticas e impactos ambientais em áreas alagadas (wetlands) do Pantanal (Brasil): quantificação, fatores de controle e previsão em longo prazo
Beneficiário:Adolpho José Melfi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 18/17069-7 - Avaliação da biogeodisponibilidade de metais e semimetais em solos utilizando a técnica de difusão em filmes finos por gradientes de concentração
Beneficiário:Amauri Antonio Menegário
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 19/18124-4 - Fluxos, especiação e biodisponibilidade de arsênio na interface água/sedimento em lagoas alcalinas do Pantanal de Nhecolândia utilizando DGT
Beneficiário:José Lucas Martins Viana
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 19/07359-0 - Avaliação in situ da labilidade de elementos traço nas lagoas do Pantanal da Nhecolândia, MS, Brasil, utilizando a técnica DGT com camada ligante mista para a determinação simultânea de cátions e ânions
Beneficiário:Carlos Eduardo Eismann
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado