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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

CHEMICAL ABUNDANCE ANTICORRELATIONS IN GLOBULAR CLUSTER STARS: THE EFFECT ON CLUSTER INTEGRATED SPECTRA

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Coelho, P. [1] ; Percival, S. M. [2] ; Salaris, M. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Cruzeiro Sul, BR-01506000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Liverpool John Moores Univ, Astrophys Res Inst, Birkenhead CH41 1LD, Merseyside - England
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL; v. 734, n. 1 JUN 10 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

It is widely accepted that individual Galactic globular clusters harbor two coeval generations of stars, the first one born with the ``standard{''} alpha-enhanced metal mixture observed in field halo objects and the second one characterized by an anticorrelated CNONa abundance pattern overimposed on the first generation, alpha-enhanced metal mixture. We have investigated with appropriate stellar population synthesis models how this second generation of stars affects the integrated spectrum of a typical metal-rich Galactic globular cluster, like 47 Tuc, focusing our analysis on the widely used Lick-type indices. We find that the only indices appreciably affected by the abundance anticorrelations are Ca4227, G4300, CN(1), CN(2), and NaD. The age-sensitive Balmer line, Fe line, and the {[}MgFe] indices widely used to determine age, Fe, and total metallicity of extragalactic systems are largely insensitive to the second generation population. Enhanced He in second generation stars affects also the Balmer line indices of the integrated spectra, through the change of the turnoff temperature and-with the assumption that the mass-loss history of both stellar generations is the same-the horizontal branch morphology of the underlying isochrones. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/09465-0 - O modelamento de populações estelares e padrões de abundância detalhados
Beneficiário:Paula Rodrigues Teixeira Coelho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores
Processo FAPESP: 08/58406-4 - A modelagem de populações estelares e padrões de abundância detalhados
Beneficiário:Paula Rodrigues Teixeira Coelho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores