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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Structural and physicochemical characterization of RS prepared using hydrolysis and heat treatments of chickpea starch

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Polesi, Luis Fernando [1] ; Silveira Sarmento, Silene Bruder [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo ESALQ USP, Coll Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Agroind Food & Nutr, BR-13418900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: STARCH-STÄRKE; v. 63, n. 4, p. 226-235, APR 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 31
Resumo

The aim of this study was to evaluate the production and the structural and physicochemical properties of RS obtained by molecular mass reduction (enzyme or acid) and hydrothermal treatment of chickpea starch. Native and gelatinized starch were submitted to acid (2 M HCl for 2.5 h) or enzymatic hydrolysis (pullulanase, 40 U/g per 10 h), autoclaved (121 degrees C/30 min), stored under refrigeration (4 degrees C/24 h), and lyophilized. The hydrolysis of starch increased the RS content from 16% to values between 20 and 32%, and the enzymatic treatment of the gelatinized starch was the most efficient. RS showed an increase in water absorption and water solubility indexes due to hydrolytic and thermal process. The processes for obtaining RS changed the crystallinity pattern from C to B. Hydrolysis treatments caused an increase in relative crystallinity due to the greater retrogradation caused by the reduction in MW. RS obtained from hydrolysis showed a reduction in viscosity, indicating the rupture of molecules. The viscosity seemed to be inversely proportional to the RS content in the sample. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/52986-6 - Amido resistente obtido a partir de amido de leguminosas e de seus hidrolisados
Beneficiário:Luis Fernando Polesi
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 07/58577-0 - Amido resistente a partir de amido de leguminosas e de seus hidrolisados
Beneficiário:Silene Bruder Silveira Sarmento
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular