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(Referência obtida automaticamente do SciELO, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Comparison of different monoclonal antibodies against immunosuppressive proteins of Ascaris suum

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Oshiro, T. M. ; Rafael, A. ; Esnobe, C. S. ; Fernandes, I. ; Macedo-Soares, Maria Fernanda [5]
Número total de Autores: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research; v. 37, n. 2, p. 223-226, Feb. 2004.
Área do conhecimento: Ciências Biológicas - Imunologia
Assunto(s):Anticorpos monoclonais   Imunossupressão   Invertebrados   Nematoides   Ascaris suum

The extract of Ascaris suum suppresses the humoral and cellular immune responses to unrelated antigens in the mouse. In order to further characterize the suppressive components of A. suum, we produced specific monoclonal antibodies which can provide an important tool for the identification of these proteins. The A. suum immunosuppressive fractions isolated by gel filtration from an extract of adult worms were used to immunize BALB/c mice. Popliteal lymph node cells taken from the immunized animals were fused with SP2/O myeloma cells and the cloned hybrid cells obtained were screened to determine the specificity of secreted antibodies. Three monoclonal antibodies named MAIP-1, MAIP-2 and MAIP-3 were selected and were shown to react with different epitopes of high molecular weight proteins from the A. suum extract. All antibody molecules have k-type light chains but differ in heavy chain isotype. MAIP-1 is a mouse IgM, MAIP-2 is an IgA immunoglobulin and MAIP-3 is an IgG1 immunoglobulin and they recognize the antigen with affinity constants of 1.3 x 1010 M-1, 7.1 x 109 M-1 and 3.8 x 107 M-1, respectively. The proteins recognized by these monoclonal antibodies (PAS-1, PAS-2 and PAS-3) were purified from the crude extract by affinity chromatography and injected with ovalbumin in BALB/c mice in order to determine their suppressive activity on heterologous antibody production. It was demonstrated that these three proteins are able to significantly suppress anti-ovalbumin antibody secretion, with PAS-1 being more efficient than the others. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/12494-6 - Mecanismos envolvidos na ação imunossupressora de PAS-1 (componente de Ascaris suum)
Beneficiário:Maria Fernanda de Macedo Soares
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular