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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Morphological and physiological responses of the recalcitrant Euterpe edulis seeds to light, temperature and gibberellins

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Roberto, G. G. [1] ; Habermann, G. [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Bot, Inst Biociencias, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SEED SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; v. 38, n. 2, p. 367-378, 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 18
Resumo

Euterpe edulis is a key species of the Atlantic forest, but its seeds exhibit slow germination, which is a limiting factor for the successful establishment of the plant. This study assessed the capacity, time, rate, and synchrony of germination as a function of light vs. dark at different temperatures. At 25 degrees C in the dark, which gave the optimum response, it was possible to note a time representing the beginning of the stationary phase (phase II) of the imbibition curve. We hypothesised that gibberellin (GA(3)) and/or cytokinin (benzylaminopurine, BAP) applied at that imbibition time could improve germination performance, accelerating the germination of E. edulis seeds, enhancing propagation techniques used in palm tree nurseries, which provide palm plants for the re-composition of degraded fragments in the Atlantic forest. It was confirmed that GA(3) at 50 mg. L(-1) improved these responses. However, phase II could not be demonstrated as a better time to improve germination performance compared to the time immediately after sowing, since there were no embryo and/or endosperm anatomical differences between these times. This evidence supports published explanations for low germination performance of many palm fruits: primitive structure of the seed embryo and continuous development after fruit dispersion. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/00125-0 - Aceleração da germinação de sementes de Euterpe edulis Mart.: condicionamento osmótico e uso de ácido giberélico(GA3)
Beneficiário:Guilherme Garcia Roberto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 06/02820-1 - Estudo do processo de embebição e germinação de Euterpe edulis Mart. e sua aceleração, com uso de reguladores vegetais
Beneficiário:Guilherme Garcia Roberto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica