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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Improvement of tetracaine antinociceptive effect by inclusion in cyclodextrins

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Autor(es):
Franco de Lima, Roberta Aline [1] ; de Jesus, Marcelo Bispo [1] ; Saia Cereda, Cintia Maria [1] ; Tofoli, Giovana Radomille [1, 2] ; Cabeca, Luis Fernando [3] ; Mazzaro, Irineu [4] ; Fraceto, Leonardo Fernandes [5] ; de Paula, Eneida [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem, UNICAMP, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Francisco, Clin Pharmacol & Gastroenterol Unit, BR-12900000 Braganca Paulista, SP - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Instrumentacao Agr CNPDIA EMBRAPA, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Phys, BR-80060000 Curitiba, PR - Brazil
[5] Julio de Mesquisa Filho State Univ, Dept Environm Engn, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Drug Targeting; v. 20, n. 1, p. 85-96, JAN 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 23
Resumo

Local anesthetics (LA) are among the most important pharmacological compounds used to attenuate or eliminate pain. However, systemic toxicity is still a limitation for LA application, especially for ester-type drugs, such as tetracaine (TTC) that presents poor chemical stability (due to hydrolysis by plasma esterases). Several approaches have been used to improve LA pharmaceutical properties, including the employment of drug-delivery systems. Here we used betacyclodextrin (beta-CD) or hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (HP-beta-CD) to develop two new TTC formulations (TTC:beta-CD and TTC:HP-beta-CD). The inclusion complexes formation, in a 1:1 stoichiometry, was confirmed by differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, UV-VIS absorption and fluorescence. Nuclear magnetic resonance (DOSY experiments) revealed that TTC association with HP-beta-CD is stronger (K(a) = 1200 mol/L(-1)) than with beta-CD (K(a) = 845 mol/L(-1)). Moreover, nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) experiments provided information on the topology of the complexes, where TTC aromatic ring is buried inside the CD hydrophobic cavity. In vitro tests with 3T3 fibroblast cells culture revealed that complexation decreased TTC cytotoxicity. In addition, the total analgesic effect of TTC, tested in rats through the infraorbital nerve test, was improved in 36% with TTC:beta-CD and TTC:HP-beta-CD. In conclusion, these formulations presented potential for future clinical use, by reducing the toxicity and increasing the antinociceptive effect of tetracaine. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/04103-4 - Avaliacao in vitro e in vivo de praziquantel em sistemas de ciclodextrina.
Beneficiário:Marcelo Bispo de Jesus
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 06/03838-1 - Utilização de ferramentas nanotecnológicas para a indução de morte em células de câncer de próstata
Beneficiário:Marcelo Bispo de Jesus
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado