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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Seasonal effects on the relationship between photosynthesis and leaf carbohydrates in orange trees

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Autor(es):
Ribeiro, Rafael V. [1] ; Machado, Eduardo C. [1] ; Habermann, Gustavo [2] ; Santos, Mauro G. [3] ; Oliveira, Ricardo F. [4]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] IAC, Ctr Pesquisa & Desenvolvimento Ecofisiol & Biofis, Lab Fisiol Vegetal Coaracy M Franco, Inst Agron, BR-13012970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Dept Bot, BR-50670901 Recife, PE - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Ciencias Biol, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FUNCTIONAL PLANT BIOLOGY; v. 39, n. 6, p. 471-480, 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

To understand the effect of summer and winter on the relationships between leaf carbohydrate and photosynthesis in citrus trees growing in subtropical conditions, `Valencia' orange trees were subjected to external manipulation of their carbohydrate concentration by exposing them to darkness and evaluating the maximal photosynthetic capacity. In addition, the relationships between carbohydrate and photosynthesis in the citrus leaves were studied under natural conditions. Exposing the leaves to dark conditions decreased the carbohydrate concentration and increased photosynthesis in both seasons, which is in accordance with the current model of carbohydrate regulation. Significant negative correlations were found between total non-structural carbohydrates and photosynthesis in both seasons. However, non-reducing sugars were the most important carbohydrate that apparently regulated photosynthesis on a typical summer day, whereas starch was important on a typical winter day. As a novelty, photosynthesis stimulation by carbohydrate consumption was approximately three times higher during the summer, i.e. the growing season. Under subtropical conditions, citrus leaves exhibited relatively high photosynthesis and high carbohydrate levels on the summer day, as well as a high nocturnal consumption of starch and soluble sugars. A positive association was determined between photosynthesis and photoassimilate consumption/exportation, even in leaves showing a high carbohydrate concentration. This paper provides evidence that photosynthesis in citrus leaves is regulated by an increase in sink demand rather than by the absolute carbohydrate concentration in leaves. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 02/08480-7 - Variação sazonal da fotossíntese, relações hídricas e do teor de carboidratos em laranjeira Valência
Beneficiário:Rafael Vasconcelos Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 05/57862-8 - Florescimento e frutificação em laranjeira Valência: aspectos anatômicos, fisiológicos, bioquímicos e moleculares
Beneficiário:Marcelo Carnier Dornelas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático