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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Prolonged Physical Training Decreases mRNA Levels of Glucocorticoid Receptor and Inflammatory Genes

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Autor(es):
Sousa e Silva, Tatiane ; Longui, Carlos Alberto ; Rocha, Mylene Neves ; Costantin Faria, Claudia Dutra ; Melo, Murilo Rezende ; Faria, Thelma Gomes ; de Souza, Julio Antonio ; Rizzo, Luiz Vicente [1, 2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Immunol, Inst Biomed Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Gen Hosp, Div Clin Immunol & Allergy, Lab Med Invest LIM 60, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Fdn Zerbini, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Hormone Research in Paediatrics; v. 74, n. 1, p. 6-14, 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Background/Aims: Prolonged physical exercise induces adaptive alterations in the hypothalamic-pituitary axis, increasing cortisol metabolism, and reducing cortisol synthesis and glucocorticoid sensitivity. The mechanisms responsible for this relative glucocorticoid resistance remain unknown but may involve expression of genes encoding glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and/or inflammatory molecules of nuclear factor kappa B1 (NFkB1) signaling pathway and cytokines. This study aimed to determine the impact of prolonged physical training on the expression of genes involved in glucocorticoid action and inflammatory response. Methods: Normal sedentary male cadets of the Brazilian Air Force Academy were submitted to 6 weeks of standardized physical training. Eighteen of 29 initially selected cadets were able to fully complete the training program. Fasting glucose, insulin and cortisol levels, cytokine concentration and the expression of genes encoding GR, NFkB1, inhibitor of NFkB1 and IkB kinase A were determined before and after the training period. Results: Prolonged physical exercise reduced the basal cortisol levels and the percent cortisol reduction after dexamethasone. These findings were associated with a significant reduction in the mRNA levels of GR (6.3%), NFkB1 (63%), inhibitor of NFkB1 (25%) and IkB kinase A (46%) with concomitant reduction in cytokine concentrations (ELISA). Conclusions: Prolonged physical training decreases the glucocorticoid sensitivity and the mRNA levels of the GR gene combined with decreased mRNA of genes related to the NFkB pathway. Copyright (C) 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/03208-2 - Quantificação da expressão de receptores glicocorticóides por PCR em tempo real e sua correlação com a sensibilidade individual aos glicocorticóides
Beneficiário:Carlos Alberto Longui
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular