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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Plantar flexion force induced by amplitude-modulated tendon vibration and associated soleus V/F-waves as an evidence of a centrally-mediated mechanism contributing to extra torque generation in humans

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Autor(es):
Magalhaes, Fernando Henrique [1, 2, 3] ; de Toledo, Diana Rezende [3, 1] ; Kohn, Andre Fabio [1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Biomed Engn Lab, EPUSP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, EACH USP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Neurosci Program, EPUSP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF NEUROENGINEERING AND REHABILITATION; v. 10, MAR 25 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

Background: High-frequency trains of electrical stimulation applied over the human muscles can generate forces higher than would be expected by direct activation of motor axons, as evidenced by an unexpected relation between the stimuli and the evoked contractions, originating what has been called ``extra forces{''}. This phenomenon has been thought to reflect nonlinear input/output neural properties such as plateau potential activation in motoneurons. However, more recent evidence has indicated that extra forces generated during electrical stimulation are mediated primarily, if not exclusively, by an intrinsic muscle property, and not from a central mechanism as previously thought. Given the inherent differences between electrical and vibratory stimuli, this study aimed to investigate: (a) whether the generation of vibration-induced muscle forces results in an unexpected relation between the stimuli and the evoked contractions (i.e. extra forces generation) and (b) whether these extra forces are accompanied by signs of a centrally-mediated mechanism or whether intrinsic muscle properties are the predominant mechanisms. Methods: Six subjects had their Achilles tendon stimulated by 100 Hz vibratory stimuli that linearly increased in amplitude (with a peak-to-peak displacement varying from 0 to 5 mm) for 10 seconds and then linearly decreased to zero for the next 10 seconds. As a measure of motoneuron excitability taken at different times during the vibratory stimulation, short-latency compound muscle action potentials (V/F-waves) were recorded in the soleus muscle in response to supramaximal nerve stimulation. Results: Plantar flexion torque and soleus V/F-wave amplitudes were increased in the second half of the stimulation in comparison with the first half. Conclusion: The present findings provide evidence that vibratory stimuli may trigger a centrally-mediated mechanism that contributes to the generation of extra torques. The vibration-induced increased motoneuron excitability (leading to increased torque generation) presumably activates spinal motoneurons following the size principle, which is a desirable feature for stimulation paradigms involved in rehabilitation programs and exercise training. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/13222-6 - Avaliação de vias inibitórias e do efeito de estimulações com ruído elétrico sobre o controle neuromuscular de flexão plantar
Beneficiário:Fernando Henrique Magalhães
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/09286-9 - Envolvimento do sistema nervoso central na resposta à percepção cinestésica de idosos e sua relação com o controle postural
Beneficiário:Diana Rezende de Toledo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado