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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Oral Leucine Supplementation Is Sensed by the Brain but neither Reduces Food Intake nor Induces an Anorectic Pattern of Gene Expression in the Hypothalamus

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Autor(es):
Zampieri, Thais T. [1] ; Pedroso, Joao A. B. [1] ; Furigo, Isadora C. [1] ; Tirapegui, Julio [2] ; Donato, Jr., Jose [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol & Biophys, Inst Biomed Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Food Sci & Expt Nutr, Fac Pharmaceut Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 8, n. 12 DEC 13 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 15
Resumo

Leucine activates the intracellular mammalian target of the rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, and hypothalamic mTOR signaling regulates food intake. Although central infusion of leucine reduces food intake, it is still uncertain whether oral leucine supplementation is able to affect the hypothalamic circuits that control energy balance. We observed increased phosphorylation of p70s6k in the mouse hypothalamus after an acute oral gavage of leucine. We then assessed whether acute oral gavage of leucine induces the activation of neurons in several hypothalamic nuclei and in the brainstem. Leucine did not induce the expression of Fos in hypothalamic nuclei, but it increased the number of Fos-immunoreactive neurons in the area postrema. In addition, oral gavage of leucine acutely increased the 24 h food intake of mice. Nonetheless, chronic leucine supplementation in the drinking water did not change the food intake and the weight gain of ob/ob mice and of wild-type mice consuming a low- or a high-fat diet. We assessed the hypothalamic gene expression and observed that leucine supplementation increased the expression of enzymes (BCAT1, BCAT2 and BCKDK) that metabolize branched-chain amino acids. Despite these effects, leucine supplementation did not induce an anorectic pattern of gene expression in the hypothalamus. In conclusion, our data show that the brain is able to sense oral leucine intake. However, the food intake is not modified by chronic oral leucine supplementation. These results question the possible efficacy of leucine supplementation as an appetite suppressant to treat obesity. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/15517-6 - Fatores moleculares envolvidos nas alterações metabólicas durante a gestação: papel do SOCS3
Beneficiário:Thais Tessari Zampieri
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/18086-0 - Bases moleculares da resistência à leptina
Beneficiário:Jose Donato Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores