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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Characterization of regulatory T cell (Treg) function in patients infected with Leishmania braziliensis

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Autor(es):
Costa, Diego L. [1] ; Guimaraes, Luiz H. [2] ; Cardoso, Thiago M. [2] ; Queiroz, Adriano [2] ; Lago, Ednaldo [2] ; Roselino, Ana M. [3] ; Bacellar, Olivia [2] ; Carvalho, Edgar M. [2] ; Silva, Joao S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Biochem & Immunol, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Bahia, Serv Immunol, HUPES, Salvador, BA - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Div Dermatol, Med Sch Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HUMAN IMMUNOLOGY; v. 74, n. 12, p. 1491-1500, DEC 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Th1 immune responses are crucial for eliminating Leishmania parasites. However, despite strong Th1 responses, cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) patients infected with Leishmania braziliensis develop the disease, while milder Th1 responses are found in sub-clinical (SC) infections. Therefore, CL patients may experience impaired regulatory T cell (Treg) function, causing excessive Th1 responses and tissue damage. To address this hypothesis, we characterized the function of circulating Tregs in L. braziliensis infected CL patients and compared them to Tregs from uninfected controls (UC) and SC subjects. The frequency of circulating Tregs was similar in CL patients, UC and SC subjects. Moreover, CL patients Tregs suppressed lymphocyte proliferation and PBMC pro-inflammatory cytokine production more efficiently than UC Tregs, and also produced higher levels of IL-10 than UC and SC Tregs. Furthermore, PBMC and mononuclear cells from lesions of CL patients responded normally to Treg-induced suppression. Therefore, the lesion development in CL patients infected with L. braziliensis is not associated with impairment in Treg function or failure of cells to respond to immunomodulation. Rather, the increased Treg activation in CL patients may impair parasite elimination, resulting in establishment of chronic infection. Thus, immunological strategies that interfere with this response may improve leishmaniasis treatment. (C) 2013 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/05982-8 - Modulação da resposta imune a Leishmania braziliensis por células T reguladoras
Beneficiário:Diego Luís Costa
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado