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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Cardiorespiratory responses to graded hypoxia in the neotropical fish matrinxa (Brycon amazonicus) and traira (Hoplias malabaricus) after waterborne or trophic exposure to inorganic mercury

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Monteiro, Diana Amaral [1] ; Thomaz, Juliana Montovani [1] ; Rantin, Francisco Tadeu [1] ; Kalinin, Ana Lucia [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Physiol Sci, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY; v. 140, p. 346-355, SEP 15 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

The growing Hg input in aquatic environments results in high accumulation of mercury in fish tissue and their consumers, which poses a serious risk to humans and ecosystems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the inorganic mercury exposure on cardiorespiratory responses in two species of neotropical fish ecologically distinct, matrinxa (Brycon amazonicus) and traira (malabaricus). Matrinxas were exposed to a nominal and sublethal concentration of 0.15 mg L-1 of HgCl2 for 96 h. Trairas were exposed to trophic doses (each 4 days, during 30 days) of inorganic Hg (0.45 mg as total Hg) using juvenile B. amazonicus as prey vehicle. The metabolic rate (((V)over dot)O-2), critical oxygen tensions (PcO2), gill ventilation (((V)over dot)(G)), tidal volume (V-T), respiratory frequency (f(R)), O-2 extraction from the ventilatory current (EO2), and heart rate (f(H)) were measured under normoxia (140 mmHg) and graded hypoxia (120, 100, 80, 60, 40, 20, and 10 mmHg). Regarding matrinxa specifically, the critical point highlighted was tachypnea. In trairas, bradypnea, decreased metabolic rate and O-2 extraction, severe bradycardia, and elevated tidal volume were observed in normoxia. Both acute and sub-chronic exposures increased the critical tension of O-2 values in more than 100%. In addition, Hg exposures modulated hypoxia-induced responses resulting in impairment of cardio-respiratory system of both species. Thus, mercury, via food or water, decreases the plasticity of the cardiorespiratory responses reducing the survival chances of B. amazonicus and H. malabaricus under hypoxic conditions frequently observed in theirs wild habitats. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/50772-6 - Efeito do mercúrio inorgânico sobre a função cardíaca e sobre biomarcadores de estresse oxidativo em matrinxã, Brycon amazonicus (Spix & Agassiz, 1829) e em traíra, Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch, 1794)
Beneficiário:Diana Amaral Monteiro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado