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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Evaluation of an ensemble of regional climate model simulations over South America driven by the ERA-Interim reanalysis: model performance and uncertainties

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Autor(es):
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Solman, Silvina A. [1] ; Sanchez, E. [2] ; Samuelsson, P. [3] ; da Rocha, R. P. [4] ; Li, L. [5] ; Marengo, J. [6] ; Pessacg, N. L. [7] ; Remedio, A. R. C. [8] ; Chou, S. C. [9] ; Berbery, H. [10] ; Le Treut, H. [5] ; de Castro, M. [2] ; Jacob, D. [8, 11]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Ctr Invest Mar & Atmosfera CIMA CONICET UBA, DCAO FCEN UBA, UMI IFAECI CNRS, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[2] Univ Castilla La Mancha, Fac Ciencias Ambient & Bioquim, Toledo - Spain
[3] SMHI, Rossby Ctr, S-60176 Norrkoping - Sweden
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Ciencias Atmosfer, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] UPMC, CNRS, IPSL, Lab Meteorol Dynam, Paris - France
[6] CCST INPE, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[7] Ctr Nacl Patagon CENPAT CONICET, Puerto Madryn, Chubut - Argentina
[8] Max Planck Inst Meteorol, D-20146 Hamburg - Germany
[9] CPTEC INPE, BR-12630000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[10] Univ Maryland, ESSIC, College Pk, MD 20740 - USA
[11] Climate Serv Ctr, D-20095 Hamburg - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Climate Dynamics; v. 41, n. 5-6, p. 1139-1157, SEP 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 69
Resumo

The capability of a set of 7 coordinated regional climate model simulations performed in the framework of the CLARIS-LPB Project in reproducing the mean climate conditions over the South American continent has been evaluated. The model simulations were forced by the ERA-Interim reanalysis dataset for the period 1990-2008 on a grid resolution of 50 km, following the CORDEX protocol. The analysis was focused on evaluating the reliability of simulating mean precipitation and surface air temperature, which are the variables most commonly used for impact studies. Both the common features and the differences among individual models have been evaluated and compared against several observational datasets. In this study the ensemble bias and the degree of agreement among individual models have been quantified. The evaluation was focused on the seasonal means, the area-averaged annual cycles and the frequency distributions of monthly means over target sub-regions. Results show that the Regional Climate Model ensemble reproduces adequately well these features, with biases mostly within +/- 2 A degrees C and +/- 20 % for temperature and precipitation, respectively. However, the multi-model ensemble depicts larger biases and larger uncertainty (as defined by the standard deviation of the models) over tropical regions compared with subtropical regions. Though some systematic biases were detected particularly over the La Plata Basin region, such as underestimation of rainfall during winter months and overestimation of temperature during summer months, every model shares a similar behavior and, consequently, the uncertainty in simulating current climate conditions is low. Every model is able to capture the variety in the shape of the frequency distribution for both temperature and precipitation along the South American continent. Differences among individual models and observations revealed the nature of individual model biases, showing either a shift in the distribution or an overestimation or underestimation of the range of variability. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/58161-1 - Assessment of impacts and vulnerability to climate change in Brazil and strategies for adaptation option
Beneficiário:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático