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On the Three-Finger Protein Domain Fold and CD59-Like Proteins in Schistosoma mansoni

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Farias, Leonardo P. [1] ; Krautz-Peterson, Greice [2] ; Tararam, Cibele A. [1, 3] ; Araujo-Montoya, Bogar O. [3, 1, 4] ; Fraga, Tatiana R. [5] ; Rofatto, Henrique K. [3, 1] ; Silva-, Jr., Floriano P. [4] ; Isaac, Lourdes [5] ; Da'dara, Akram A. [2] ; Wilson, R. Alan [6] ; Shoemaker, Charles B. [2] ; Leite, Luciana C. C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 12
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Ctr Biotecnol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Tufts Univ, Cummings Sch Vet Med, Dept Infect Dis & Global Hlth, North Grafton, MA - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Programa Posgrad Interunidades Biotecnol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Fiocruz MS, Inst Oswaldo Cruz, LBPP, BR-21045900 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Imunol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ York, Dept Biol, York YO10 5DD, N Yorkshire - England
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases; v. 7, n. 10 OCT 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 15

Background: It is believed that schistosomes evade complement-mediated killing by expressing regulatory proteins on their surface. Recently, six homologues of human CD59, an important inhibitor of the complement system membrane attack complex, were identified in the schistosome genome. Therefore, it is important to investigate whether these molecules could act as CD59-like complement inhibitors in schistosomes as part of an immune evasion strategy. Methodology/Principal Findings: Herein, we describe the molecular characterization of seven putative SmCD59-like genes and attempt to address the putative biological function of two isoforms. Superimposition analysis of the 3D structure of hCD59 and schistosome sequences revealed that they contain the three-fingered protein domain (TFPD). However, the conserved amino acid residues involved in complement recognition in mammals could not be identified. Real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis determined that most of these genes are up-regulated in the transition from free-living cercaria to adult worm stage. Immunolocalization experiments and tegument preparations confirm that at least some of the SmCD59-like proteins are surface-localized; however, significant expression was also detected in internal tissues of adult worms. Finally, the involvement of two SmCD59 proteins in complement inhibition was evaluated by three different approaches: (i) a hemolytic assay using recombinant soluble forms expressed in Pichia pastoris and E. coli; (ii) complement-resistance of CHO cells expressing the respective membrane-anchored proteins; and (iii) the complement killing of schistosomula after gene suppression by RNAi. Our data indicated that these proteins are not involved in the regulation of complement activation. Conclusions: Our results suggest that this group of proteins belongs to the TFPD superfamily. Their expression is associated to intra-host stages, present in the tegument surface, and also in intra-parasite tissues. Three distinct approaches using SmCD59 proteins to inhibit complement strongly suggested that these proteins are not complement inhibitors and their function in schistosomes remains to be determined. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 04/12872-3 - Genoma funcional de Schistosoma mansoni aplicado ao desenvolvimento de vacinas
Beneficiário:Luciana Cezar de Cerqueira Leite
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 00/11624-5 - Embriologia de Gastropoda: análise em microscopia de varredura laser confocal
Beneficiário:Toshie Kawano
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários