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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The hydroclimatic and ecophysiological basis of cloud forest distributions under current and projected climates

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Autor(es):
Oliveira, Rafael S. [1, 2] ; Eller, Cleiton B. [1] ; Bittencourt, Paulo R. L. [1] ; Mulligan, Mark [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Vegetal, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Western Australia, Fac Nat & Agr Sci, Sch Plant Biol, Nedlands, WA 6009 - Australia
[3] Kings Coll London, Dept Geog, London WC2R 2LS - England
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: ANNALS OF BOTANY; v. 113, n. 6, p. 909-920, MAY 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 45
Resumo

Tropical montane cloud forests (TMCFs) are characterized by a unique set of biological and hydroclimatic features, including frequent and/or persistent fog, cool temperatures, and high biodiversity and endemism. These forests are one of the most vulnerable ecosystems to climate change given their small geographic range, high endemism and dependence on a rare microclimatic envelope. The frequency of atmospheric water deficits for some TMCFs is likely to increase in the future, but the consequences for the integrity and distribution of these ecosystems are uncertain. In order to investigate plant and ecosystem responses to climate change, we need to know how TMCF species function in response to current climate, which factors shape function and ecology most and how these will change into the future. This review focuses on recent advances in ecophysiological research of TMCF plants to establish a link between TMCF hydrometeorological conditions and vegetation distribution, functioning and survival. The hydraulic characteristics of TMCF trees are discussed, together with the prevalence and ecological consequences of foliar uptake of fog water (FWU) in TMCFs, a key process that allows efficient acquisition of water during cloud immersion periods, minimizing water deficits and favouring survival of species prone to drought-induced hydraulic failure. Fog occurrence is the single most important microclimatic feature affecting the distribution and function of TMCF plants. Plants in TMCFs are very vulnerable to drought (possessing a small hydraulic safety margin), and the presence of fog and FWU minimizes the occurrence of tree water deficits and thus favours the survival of TMCF trees where such deficits may occur. Characterizing the interplay between microclimatic dynamics and plant water relations is key to foster more realistic projections about climate change effects on TMCF functioning and distribution. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/17204-0 - Mudanças climáticas em montanhas brasileiras: respostas funcionais de plantas nativas de campos rupestres e campos de altitude a secas extremas
Beneficiário:Rafael Silva Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/52072-0 - Interações entre solo-vegetação-atmosfera em uma paisagem tropical em transformação
Beneficiário:Rafael Silva Oliveira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Parceria para Inovação Tecnológica - PITE