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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

IKK epsilon Is Key to Induction of Insulin Resistance in the Hypothalamus, and Its Inhibition Reverses Obesity

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Autor(es):
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Weissmann, Lais [1] ; Quaresma, Paula G. F. [1] ; Santos, Andressa C. [1] ; de Matos, Alexandre H. B. [1] ; Pascoal, Vinicius D'Avila Bittencourt [1] ; Zanotto, Tamires M. [1] ; Castro, Gisele [1] ; Guadagnini, Dioze [1] ; da Silva, Joelcimar Martins [2] ; Velloso, Licio A. [1] ; Bittencourt, Jackson C. [2] ; Lopes-Cendes, Iscia [1] ; Saad, Mario J. A. [1] ; Prada, Patricia O. [1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 14
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Internal Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Anat, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Appl Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Diabetes; v. 63, n. 10, p. 3334-3345, OCT 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

IKK epsilon (IKK epsilon) is induced by the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B). Whole-body IKK epsilon knockout mice on a high-fat diet (HFD) were protected from insulin resistance and showed altered energy balance. We demonstrate that IKK epsilon is expressed in neurons and is upregulated in the hypothalamus of obese mice, contributing to insulin and leptin resistance. Blocking IKK epsilon in the hypothalamus of obese mice with CAYMAN10576 or small interfering RNA decreased NF-kappa B activation in this tissue, relieving the inflammatory environment. Inhibition of IKK epsilon activity, but not TBK1, reduced IRS-1(ser307) phosphorylation and insulin and leptin resistance by an improvement of the IR/IRS-1/Akt and JAK2/STAT3 pathways in the hypothalamus. These improvements were independent of body weight and food intake. Increased insulin and leptin action/signaling in the hypothalamus may contribute to a decrease in adiposity and hypophagia and an enhancement of energy expenditure accompanied by lower NPY and increased POMC mRNA levels. Improvement of hypothalamic insulin action decreases fasting glycemia, glycemia after pyruvate injection, and PEPCK protein expression in the liver of HFD-fed and db/db mice, suggesting a reduction in hepatic glucose production. We suggest that IKK epsilon may be a key inflammatory mediator in the hypothalamus of obese mice, and its hypothalamic inhibition improves energy and glucose metabolism. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/10338-6 - Regulação das proteínas Clk2 e IKK epsilon em hipotálamo de camundongos obesos
Beneficiário:Patrícia de Oliveira Prada
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/07607-8 - CMPO - Centro Multidisciplinar de Pesquisa em Obesidade e Doenças Associadas
Beneficiário:Licio Augusto Velloso
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 10/52068-0 - A participação do hormônio concentrador de melanina no controle da lactação
Beneficiário:Jackson Cioni Bittencourt
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático