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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Partitioning the net effect of host diversity on an emerging amphibian pathogen

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Autor(es):
Becker, C. Guilherme [1] ; Rodriguez, David [1, 2] ; Felipe Toledo, L. [3] ; Longo, Ana V. [1] ; Lambertini, Carolina [3] ; Correa, Decio T. [4, 3] ; Leite, Domingos S. [5] ; Haddad, Celio F. B. [6] ; Zamudio, Kelly R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Cornell Univ, Dept Ecol & Evolutionary Biol, Ithaca, NY 14853 - USA
[2] Texas State Univ, Dept Agr, San Marcos, TX 78666 - USA
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Texas Austin, Dept Integrat Biol, Austin, TX 78712 - USA
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Genet Evolucao & Bioagentes, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Zool, BR-13506900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY B-BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; v. 281, n. 1795 NOV 22 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 24
Resumo

The `dilution effect' (DE) hypothesis predicts that diverse host communities will show reduced disease. The underlying causes of pathogen dilution are complex, because they involve non-additive (driven by host interactions and differential habitat use) and additive (controlled by host species composition) mechanisms. Here, we used measures of complementarity and selection traditionally employed in the field of biodiversity-ecosystem function (BEF) to quantify the net effect of host diversity on disease dynamics of the amphibian- killing fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Complementarity occurs when average infection load in diverse host assemblages departs from that of each component species in uniform populations. Selection measures the disproportionate impact of a particular species in diverse assemblages compared with its performance in uniform populations, and therefore has strong additive and non-additive properties. We experimentally infected tropical amphibian species of varying life histories, in single-and multi-host treatments, and measured individual Bd infection loads. Host diversity reduced Bd infection in amphibians through a mechanism analogous to complementarity (sensu BEF), potentially by reducing shared habitat use and transmission among hosts. Additionally, the selection component indicated that one particular terrestrial species showed reduced infection loads in diverse assemblages at the expense of neighbouring aquatic hosts becoming heavily infected. By partitioning components of diversity, our findings underscore the importance of additive and non-additive mechanisms underlying the DE. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/51694-7 - Into the heart of an epidemic: a US-Brazil collaboration for integrative studies of the amphibian-killing fungus in Brazil
Beneficiário:Luis Felipe de Toledo Ramos Pereira
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/04160-0 - Variação fenotípica de Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis como preditora de infecção em anuros da Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Carolina Lambertini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 08/50928-1 - Especiação de anfíbios anuros em ambientes de altitude
Beneficiário:Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático