Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The importance of cytokines and autoantibodies in depression

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Postal, Mariana [1] ; Appenzeller, Simone [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Med Sci, Dept Med, Rheumatol Unit, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: AUTOIMMUNITY REVIEWS; v. 14, n. 1, p. 30-35, JAN 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 51
Resumo

The relationship between depression and immunity has been widely discussed. Cytokines, such as TNF-alpha, play an important role in immune system; these cytokines interact with virtually every pathophysiologic domain relevant to depression, including neurotransmitter metabolism, neuroendocrine function, and synaptic plasticity. Antibodies have also been implicated in the pathophysiology of depression. The association between decreased serotonin levels and excessive glutamatergic activity forms the first biochemical basis for cytokine-induced depression. Cytokines and antibodies (anti-ribosomal-P and anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antibodies) are deeply related to pathogenesis of neurodevelopmental disorders, especially depression. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) may underlie the mechanism of depression by an activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis, an activation of neuronal serotonin transporters and the stimulation of the indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase which leads to typtophan depletion. In the last 20 years since the initial reports of neural-immune interactions in depression, studies have shown a clear association between activation of the immune system mediated by proinflammatory cytokines. Genes encoding cytokines are highly polymorphic and single nucleotide polymorphisms, associated with increased or reduced cytokine production, have been described. To date, there are only few studies that investigated the relationship between depression and proinflammatory cytokines in patients with autoimmune diseases. Although an associative link between neuro-inflammation and mood disorders is widely accepted, further studies are necessary to establish the cause-effect relationship. In this paper, we review the role of cytokines, focusing on TNF-alpha and antibodies in the depression and hypothesize how TNF-alpha may underlie and mediate the inflammatory process depression in patients with autoimmune disease. (C) 2014 Published by Elsevier B.V. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/03788-2 - Avaliação longitudinal das interleucinas 4, 6, 10 e 12, do interferon gama e fator de necrose tumoral alfa e associações clínicas e laboratoriais em pacientes com lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
Beneficiário:Mariana Postal Zink de Souza
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/02917-0 - Determinação de marcadores séricos e do líquor associados a alterações estruturais e funcionais do sistema nervoso central no lúpus eritematoso sistêmico
Beneficiário:Simone Appenzeller
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores