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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Tropical soils cultivated with tomato: fractionation and speciation of Al

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Autor(es):
Nogueirol, Roberta Correa [1] ; Monteiro, Francisco Antonio [2] ; Azevedo, Ricardo Antunes [1]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Genet, BR-13418900 Piracicaba - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Dept Ciencia Solo, BR-13418900 Piracicaba - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT; v. 187, n. 4 APR 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

Soil acidity and the associated problems of aluminum (Al) toxicity and scarce exchangeable bases are typically the most important limiting factors of agricultural yield in wet tropical regions. The goals of this study were to test how soil lime rates affect the forms and distribution of Al in the soil fractions and how different levels of bioavailable Al affect two tomato genotypes grown in wet tropical soils. The tomato genotypes CNPH 0082 and Calabash Rouge were grown in two wet tropical soils in a greenhouse. Soil lime rates of 0, 560, and 2240 mg kg(-1) soil (clay soil) and 0, 280, and 1120 mg kg(-1) soil (sandy soil) were applied to modify Al concentrations. Dry mass production and Al concentrations were determined in shoots and roots. Al was fractionated in the soil, and the soil solution was speciated after cultivation. The Calabash Rouge genotype possesses mechanisms to tolerate Al3+, absorbed less Al, exhibited smaller reduction in growth, and lower Al concentrations in plant parts than the CNPH 0082. Increased soil pH reduced the exchangeable Al fraction and increased the fraction mainly linked to organic matter. Al in the soil in the form of complexes with organic compounds and Al(SO4)(+) (at the highest lime rate) did not affect plant development. Soil acidity can be easily neutralized by liming the soil, which transforms toxic Al3+ in the soil into forms that do not harm tomato plants, thereby avoiding oxidative stress in the plants. Al-induced stress in tomatoes varies with genotypes and soil type. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/23019-3 - Estudo da interação solo-planta-alumínio utilizando variedades de tomateiro contrastantes quanto à tolerância a elementos tóxicos
Beneficiário:Roberta Corrêa Nogueirol
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 09/54676-0 - Estresse oxidativo induzido por metais: novas abordagens
Beneficiário:Ricardo Antunes de Azevedo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático