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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Transfer-of-Function and Novel Emergent Relations Using Simple Discrimination Training Procedures

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Autor(es):
Canovas, Daniela de Souza [1, 2] ; Debert, Paula [2, 1] ; Pilgrim, Carol [3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Natl Inst Sci & Technol Behav Cognit & Teaching I, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Expt Psychol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ N Carolina, Wilmington, NC 28401 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PSYCHOLOGICAL RECORD; v. 65, n. 2, p. 337-346, JUN 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The present study investigated whether simple discrimination procedures produce emergent relations that are consistent with functional and equivalence classes. In Experiment 1, 4 normally capable adults were exposed to simple successive discrimination reversal training. Responses to the S+ (A1, B1, and C1) but not S- (A2, B2, and C2) were reinforced. The participants were then exposed to repeated-reversal training, followed by tests of emergent equivalence relations. In Experiment 2, 4 additional adults were exposed to a simple successive discrimination training procedure using differential responses. Response 1 (R1) was reinforced only when emitted in the presence of A1, B1, or C1 (A1-R1, B1-R1, or C1-R1). Response 2 (R2) was reinforced only in the presence of A2, B2, or C2 (A2-R2, B2-R2, or C2-R2). A new response was then trained in the presence of 1 member of each class (A1-R3, A2-R4). A transfer-of-function test was then conducted to verify whether the new responses would be emitted in the presence of B1, B2, C1, and C2. In both experiments, emergent conditional relations were tested using a go/no-go procedure with compound stimuli. In Experiment 1, all of the participants showed functional classes, and 3 showed patterns that are consistent with the formation of equivalence classes. In Experiment 2, all 4 participants showed patterns that are consistent with functional and equivalence class formation. In these experiments, simple discrimination training generated a range of emergent stimulus relations that mirrored those that are indicative of equivalence class formation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/06422-6 - Reversões de discriminações simples sucessivas e classes de equivalência
Beneficiário:Daniela de Souza Canovas
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 08/57705-8 - Instituto de Estudos sobre Comportamento, Cognição e Ensino
Beneficiário:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático