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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Feeding increasing concentrate to Tifton 85 hay ratios modulated rumen fermentation and microbiota in Nellore feedlot steers

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ribeiro, C. S. [1] ; Granja-Salcedo, Y. T. [1] ; Messana, J. D. [1] ; Neto, A. J. [1] ; Canesin, R. C. [2] ; Fiorentini, G. [1] ; Alarcon, M. F. F. [1] ; Berchielli, T. T. [1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista, UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Zootecnia, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Ctr Pesquisas Pecuaria Corte, Inst Zootecnia, Sertaozinho, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Vicosa, Membro INCT CA, Dept Zootecnia, Vicosa, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE; v. 153, n. 6, p. 1116-1127, AUG 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The use of diets with increasing proportions of concentrate to fibre can ensure appropriate energy levels and result in greater efficiency in Nellore feedlot steers. It was hypothesized that higher proportions of concentrate in the diet of these Nellore steers may affect ruminal fermentation and microbiota as a consequence of ruminal pH reduction. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effect of diets with four different roughage (hay Tifton 85) : concentrate ratios on intake, digestibility, rumen fermentation and rumen microbiota of Nellore feedlot steers. Higher proportions of concentrate in the diet did not affect intake and digestibility of dry and organic matter. The concentration of N-NH3, total rumen volatile fatty acid, acetic (C2), butyric (C4), isobutyric, valeric and isovaleric acids, and microbial nitrogen did not differ among diets. However, increasing proportions of concentrate in the diet resulted in a linear reduction in average rumen pH and increased propionic acid (C3) concentration, resulting in lower relative C2 : C3. Bacterial population of Fibrobacter succinogenes, Ruminococus flavefaciens and Ruminococcus albus decreased in the rumen. However, bacteria that are consumers of lactic acid (Selenomonas ruminantium and Megasphaera elsdenii) and producers of lactic acid (Lactobacillus sp. and Streptococcus bovis) increased when animals were fed with high-concentrate diets. The total number of protozoa was similar for the different roughage : concentrate ratios. Protozoan counts were only influenced by diet for the genus Dasytricha. The findings point to diets with increasing concentrate to Tifton 85 hay ratios as inhibiting the growth of some cellulolytic bacteria and reducing fibre digestibility, and indicate Tifton 85 hay as a possible modulated rumen fermentation in the Nellore steer feedlot. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/20617-7 - Identificação e quantificação de bactérias ruminais em novilhos alimentados com diferentes relações volumoso:concentrado
Beneficiário:Carlos Stefenson Ribeiro Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto
Processo FAPESP: 10/02036-4 - Caracterização molecular de bactérias ruminais em novilhos alimentados com diferentes relações volumoso:concentrado na dieta.
Beneficiário:Carlos Stefenson Ribeiro Junior
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado