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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Bothrops jararaca envenomation: Pathogenesis of hemostatic disturbances and intravascular hemolysis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Senise, Luana V. [1, 2] ; Yamashita, Karine M. [1, 3] ; Santoro, Marcelo L. [1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Butantan, Lab Pathophysiol, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Biosci Inst, Dept Physiol, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Clin Med, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Experimental Biology and Medicine; v. 240, n. 11, p. 1528-1536, NOV 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 10
Resumo

To attain fully functional biological activity, vitamin-K dependent coagulation factors (VKDCF) are -carboxylated prior to secretion from liver. Warfarin impairs the -carboxylation, and consequently their physiological function. Bothrops jararaca snake venom (BjV) contains several activators of blood coagulation, especially procoagulant enzymes (prothrombin and factor X activators) and thrombin-like enzymes. In order to clarify the relative contribution of prothrombin and factor X activators to the hemostatic disturbances occurring during experimental B. jararaca envenomation, warfarin was used to deplete VKDCF, prior to BjV administration. Male Wistar rats were pretreated with saline (Sal) or warfarin (War) and inoculated subsequently with BjV or saline, thus forming four groups: Sal+Sal (negative control), Sal+BjV (positive control), War+Sal (warfarinization control), and War+BjV. Three hours after inoculation, prothrombin and factor X levels fell 40% and 50%, respectively; levels of both factors decreased more than 97% in the War+Sal and War+BjV groups. Platelet counts dropped 93% and 76% in Sal+BjV and War+BjV, respectively, and plasma fibrinogen levels decreased 86% exclusively in Sal+BjV. After 6 and 24h, platelet counts and fibrinogen levels increased progressively. A dramatic augmentation in plasma hemoglobin levels and the presence of schizocytes and microcytes in the Sal+BjV group indicated the development of intravascular hemolysis, which was prevented by warfarin pretreatment. Our findings show that intravascular thrombin generation has the foremost role in the pathogenesis of coagulopathy and intravascular hemolysis, but not in the development of thrombocytopenia, in B. jararaca envenomation in rats; in addition, fibrinogenases (metalloproteinases) may contribute to coagulopathy more than thrombin-like enzymes. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/02996-8 - Venenos de serpentes Bothrops jararaca recém-nascidas e adultas: comparação entre suas atividades enzimáticas e biológicas, imunoneutralização, composição química e capacidade de induzir alterações hemostáticas
Beneficiário:Marcelo Larami Santoro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 10/08162-1 - Contribuição das lesões locais induzidas pelo veneno da serpente Bothrops jararaca para a gênese de distúrbios hemostáticos sistêmicos
Beneficiário:Marcelo Larami Santoro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular