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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

D1 and D2 Inhibitions of the Soleus H-Reflex Are Differentially Modulated during Plantarflexion Force and Position Tasks

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Magalhaes, Fernando Henrique [1, 2, 3] ; Elias, Leonardo Abdala [1, 4] ; da Silva, Cristiano Rocha [1, 2] ; de Lima, Felipe Fava [1] ; de Toledo, Diana Rezende [1] ; Kohn, Andre Fabio [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, EPUSP, Biomed Engn Lab, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Neurosci Program, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, EACH USP, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Elect & Comp Engn, Dept Biomed Engn, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 10, n. 11 NOV 24 2015.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Presynaptic inhibition (PSI) has been shown to modulate several neuronal pathways of functional relevance by selectively gating the connections between sensory inputs and spinal motoneurons, thereby regulating the contribution of the stretch reflex circuitry to the ongoing motor activity. In this study, we investigated whether a differential regulation of Ia afferent inflow by PSI may be associated with the performance of two types of plantarflexion sensoriomotor tasks. The subjects (in a seated position) controlled either: 1) the force level exerted by the foot against a rigid restraint (force task, FT); or 2) the angular position of the ankle when sustaining inertial loads (position task, PT) that required the same level of muscle activation observed in FT. Subjects were instructed to maintain their force/position at target levels set at similar to 10% of maximum isometric voluntary contraction for FT and 90 degrees for PT, while visual feedback of the corresponding force/position signals were provided. Unconditioned H-reflexes (i.e. control reflexes) and H-reflexes conditioned by electrical pulses applied to the common peroneal nerve with conditioning-to-test intervals of 21 ms and 100 ms (corresponding to D1 and D2 inhibitions, respectively) were evoked in a random fashion. A significant main effect for the type of the motor task (FT vs PT) (p = 0.005, eta(2)(p) = 0.603) indicated that PTs were undertaken with lower levels of Ia PSI converging onto the soleus motoneuron pool. Additionally, a significant interaction between the type of inhibition (D1 vs D2) and the type of motor task (FT vs PT) (p = 0.038, eta(2)(p) = 0.395) indicated that D1 inhibition was associated with a significant reduction in PSI levels from TF to TP (p = 0.001, eta(2)(p) = 0.731), whereas no significant difference between the tasks was observed for D2 inhibition (p = 0.078, eta(2)(p) = 0.305). These results suggest that D1 and D2 inhibitions of the soleus H-reflex are differentially modulated during the performance of plantarflexion FT and PT. The reduced level of ongoing PSI during PT suggests that, in comparison to FT, there is a larger reliance on inputs from muscle spindles primary afferents when the neuromuscular system is required to maintain position-controlled plantarflexion contractions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/14667-7 - Influência do tipo de tarefa e da intensidade de contração muscular na coerência corticomuscular no controle da articulação do tornozelo
Beneficiário:Diana Rezende de Toledo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/13222-6 - Avaliação de vias inibitórias e do efeito de estimulações com ruído elétrico sobre o controle neuromuscular de flexão plantar
Beneficiário:Fernando Henrique Magalhães
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/17193-0 - Respostas reflexas, encefálicas e comportamentais a estímulos mecânicos e elétricos no estudo da propriocepção e da medula espinhal em seres humanos
Beneficiário:André Fábio Kohn
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 13/10433-1 - Estudo das propriedades de disparo de unidades motoras dos músculos extensores e flexores do tornozelo durante modulações senoidais do torque e de ângulo articulares
Beneficiário:Leonardo Abdala Elias
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 12/09321-1 - Estudo multivariável do controle postural humano em resposta a aplicação de pistas sensoriais somestésicas
Beneficiário:Cristiano Rocha da Silva
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado