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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Murine Mesenchymal Stem Cell Commitment to Differentiation Is Regulated by Mitochondrial Dynamics

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Forni, Maria Fernanda [1] ; Peloggia, Julia [1] ; Trudeau, Kyle [2] ; Shirihai, Orian [2] ; Kowaltowski, Alicia J. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, BR-01498 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Boston Univ, Sch Med, Evans Biomed Res Ctr, Dept Med, Obes & Nutr Sect, Boston, MA 02215 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Stem Cells; v. 34, n. 3, p. 743-755, MAR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 41
Resumo

Mouse skin mesenchymal stem cells (msMSCs) are dermis CD105(+)CD90(+)CD73(+)CD29(+)CD34(-) mesodermal precursors which, after in vitro induction, undergo chondro, adipo, and osteogenesis. Extensive metabolic reconfiguration has been found to occur during differentiation, and the bioenergetic status of a cell is known to be dependent on the quality and abundance of the mitochondrial population, which may be regulated by fusion and fission. However, little is known regarding the impact of mitochondrial dynamics on the differentiation process. We addressed this knowledge gap by isolating MSCs from Swiss female mice, inducing these cells to differentiate into osteo, chondro, and adipocytes and measuring changes in mass, morphology, dynamics, and bioenergetics. Mitochondrial biogenesis was increased in adipogenesis, as evaluated through confocal microscopy, citrate synthase activity, and mtDNA content. The early steps of adipo and osteogenesis involved mitochondrial elongation, as well as increased expression of mitochondrial fusion proteins Mfn1 and 2. Chondrogenesis involved a fragmented mitochondrial phenotype, increased expression of fission proteins Drp1, Fis1, and 2, and enhanced mitophagy. These events were accompanied by profound bioenergetic alterations during the commitment period. Moreover, knockdown of Mfn2 in adipo and osteogenesis and the overexpression of a dominant negative form of Drp1 during chondrogenesis resulted in a loss of differentiation ability. Overall, we find that mitochondrial morphology and its regulating processes of fission/fusion are modulated early on during commitment, leading to alterations in the bioenergetic profile that are important for differentiation. We thus propose a central role for mitochondrial dynamics in the maintenance/commitment of mesenchymal stem cells. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/07937-8 - Redoxoma
Beneficiário:Ohara Augusto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs
Processo FAPESP: 14/17270-3 - Papel da mitocôndria e alterações bioenergéticas associadas ao envelhecimento da pele
Beneficiário:Julia Peloggia de Castro
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 13/04871-6 - Efeitos da restrição calórica sobre a morfologia, dinâmica, bioenergética e estado redox mitocondriais
Beneficiário:Maria Fernanda Pereira de Araújo Demonte Forni
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 10/51906-1 - Bioenergética, transporte iônico, balanço redox e metabolismo de DNA em mitocôndrias
Beneficiário:Alicia Juliana Kowaltowski
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático