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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

One-note samba: the biogeographical history of the relict Brazilian butterfly Elkalyce cogina

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Autor(es):
Talavera, Gerard [1, 2, 3, 4] ; Kaminski, Lucas A. [5, 3] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [5] ; Vila, Roger [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Harvard Univ, Museum Comparat Zool, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[2] Harvard Univ, Dept Organism & Evolutionary Biol, Cambridge, MA 02138 - USA
[3] Univ Pompeu Fabra, CSIC, Inst Biol Evolut, Passeig Maritim la Barceloneta 37, Barcelona 08003 - Spain
[4] St Petersburg State Univ, Fac Biol & Soil Sci, St Petersburg 199034 - Russia
[5] Univ Estadual Campinas, Dept Biol Anim, Inst Biol, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Biogeography; v. 43, n. 4, p. 727-737, APR 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

AimBiogeographically puzzling taxa represent an opportunity to understand the processes that have shaped current species distributions. The systematic placement and biogeographical history of Elkalyce cogina, a small lycaenid butterfly endemic to Brazil and neighbouring Argentina, are long-standing puzzles. We use molecular tools and novel biogeographical and life history data to clarify the taxonomy and distribution of this butterfly. LocationSouth America, with emphasis on the Atlantic Rain Forest and Cerrado biomes (Brazil and Argentina). MethodsWe gathered a data set of 71 Polyommatini (Lycaenidae) samples, including representatives of all described subtribes and/or sections. Among these, we contributed new sequences for E.cogina and four additional relevant taxa in the target subtribes Everina, Lycaenopsina and Polyommatina. We inferred a molecular phylogeny based on three mitochondrial genes and four nuclear markers to assess the systematic position and time of divergence of E.cogina. Ancestral geographical ranges were estimated with the R package BioGeoBEARS. To investigate heterogeneity in clade diversification rates, we used Bayesian analysis of macroevolutionary mixtures (bamm). ResultsOur results confirm the hypothesis that E.cogina belongs to the subtribe Everina and not Lycaenopsina, but unexpectedly recovered it as the sister group to the rest of Everina, with an estimated divergence time of approximately 10Ma. Ancestral geographical range reconstruction points to an old colonization from Asia, the centre of diversity for the Everina, to the New World. The Neotropical Polyommatina lineage diversified to produce almost 100 species in multiple genera, whereas the E.cogina lineage did not diversify at all. Such lack of diversification is unique among the seven Everina/Polyommatina lineages that colonized the New World. We also show that the larvae of E.cogina feed on Fabaceae, supporting the identification of this host-plant family as the ancestral state for the whole group. Main conclusionsThe age and biogeographical reconstruction of the Elkalyce lineage are similar to those of the Neotropical lineage of Polyommatina and suggest that both travelled via the route proposed by Vladimir Nabokov (Asia-Beringia-North America-South America). This coincidence suggests that the climatic conditions at c.10Ma favoured dispersal from Asia to the Neotropics and that later events may have erased traces of these butterfly lineages in North America. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50225-3 - História natural, filogenia e conservação de lepidópteros neotropicais
Beneficiário:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 12/50260-6 - Estruturação e evolução da biota amazônica e seu ambiente: uma abordagem integrativa
Beneficiário:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: integrando disciplinas para a predição da biodiversidade da Floresta Atlântica no Brasil
Beneficiário:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático